IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/diw/diwwob/77-13-1.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Ökosteuer hat zu geringerer Umweltbelastung des Verkehrs beigetragen

Author

Listed:
  • Viktor Steiner
  • Johanna Cludius

Abstract

Allein durch die ökologische Steuerreform sind die Preise für Benzin und Diesel zwischen 1998 und 2003 in Deutschland in mehreren Schritten um über 20 Prozent gestiegen. Der Großteil des aus der Erhöhung der Energiesteuersätze resultierenden Aufkommens wurde zur Stabilisierung der Rentenversicherungsbeiträge verwendet. Hat die Ökosteuer neben diesem fiskalischen Ziel auch einen Beitrag zur nachhaltigen Reduktion des Verkehrsaufkommens der privaten Haushalte in Deutschland, somit zur Verringerung der CO2- Emissionen und damit zum Erreichen des deutschen Kyoto-Ziels beigetragen? Die Beantwortung dieser Fragen setzt die Kenntnis der Preiselastizität der Verkehrsnachfrage in Deutschland voraus, für die bisher kaum Schätzungen vorliegen. In einer neuen DIW Studie wurde diese Preiselastizität auf der Basis von Haushaltsdaten berechnet. Unsere Ergebnisse legen nahe, dass die gefahrenen Kilometer durchaus auf Benzinpreisänderungen reagieren. Eine Ökosteuer im Verkehrssektor allein kann aber kein Klimaretter sein. Sie ist nur eines von vielen Instrumenten im umweltpolitischen Mix.

Suggested Citation

  • Viktor Steiner & Johanna Cludius, 2010. "Ökosteuer hat zu geringerer Umweltbelastung des Verkehrs beigetragen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(13/14), pages 2-7.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:77-13-1
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.354609.de/10-13-1.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nikolaos Askitas & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2009. "Google Econometrics and Unemployment Forecasting," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 55(2), pages 107-120.
    2. Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "Prognosekrise: Warum weniger manchmal mehr ist," IZA Standpunkte 4, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Amelie Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2008. "Im Angesicht der Krise: US-Präsidentschaftswahlen in transnationaler Sicht," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 75(44), pages 688-701.
    4. Engle, Robert & Granger, Clive, 2015. "Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 39(3), pages 106-135.
    5. Konstantin A. Kholodilin & Boriss Siliverstovs, 2009. "Geben Konjunkturprognosen eine gute Orientierung?," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 76(13), pages 207-213.
    6. Karl Brenke & Christian Dreger & Stefan Kooths & Vladimir Kuzin & Sebastian Weber & Florian Zinsmeister, 2009. "Grundlinien der Wirtschaftsentwicklung 2009/2010," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 76(1/2), pages 2-35.
    7. Werner Eichhorst & Paul Marx, 2009. "Kurzarbeit — Sinnvoller Konjunkturpuffer oder verlängertes Arbeitslosengeld?," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 89(5), pages 322-328, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Tscharaktschiew, Stefan & Hirte, Georg, 2012. "Should subsidies to urban passenger transport be increased? A spatial CGE analysis for a German metropolitan area," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 285-309.
    2. Nitzsche, Eric & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "Efficiency of speed limits in cities: A spatial computable general equilibrium assessment," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 23-48.
    3. Georg Hirte & Stefan Tscharaktschiew, 2012. "The optimal subsidy on electric vehicles in a metropolitan area - a SCGE study for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa12p324, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Hirte, Georg & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "The optimal subsidy on electric vehicles in German metropolitan areas: A spatial general equilibrium analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 515-528.
    5. Tscharaktschiew, Stefan & Hirte, Georg, 2010. "The drawbacks and opportunities of carbon charges in metropolitan areas -- A spatial general equilibrium approach," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 339-357, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ecological taxation; Gasoline tax; Price elasticity for miles traveled;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:77-13-1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diwbede.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.