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Nach der Einführung von Arbeitslosengeld II: deutlich mehr Verlierer als Gewinner unter den Hilfeempfängern

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Goebel
  • Maria Richter

Abstract

Durch die Zusammenlegung von Sozialhilfe und Arbeitslosenhilfe zum Arbeitslosengeld II kam es zu starken Veränderungen bei den verfügbaren Einkommen der Leistungsbezieher. Mehr als die Hälfte der Personen in Haushalten, die zuvor entweder Arbeitslosenhilfe oder Sozialhilfe bezogen, mussten Einbußen hinnehmen. Besonders häufig war dies bei Single-Haushalten und kinderlosen Paaren der Fall. Etwa ein Drittel der Leistungsbezieher wurde dagegen durch die Reform besser gestellt. So halten sich bei den Alleinerziehenden Gewinner und Verlierer fast die Waage. Insgesamt fielen die Verluste jedoch höher aus als die Gewinne. Der Anteil der von der Reform betroffenen Leistungsempfänger, die nach internationalen Maßstäben als einkommensarm gelten, ist von gut der Hälfte auf zwei Drittel gestiegen.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Goebel & Maria Richter, 2007. "Nach der Einführung von Arbeitslosengeld II: deutlich mehr Verlierer als Gewinner unter den Hilfeempfängern," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(50), pages 753-761.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:74-50-1
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Le juge constitutionnel et la justice sociale
      by Arnaud Lechevalier in Arnaud Lechevalier on 2010-02-12 17:40:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Launov, Andrey & Wälde, Klaus, 2016. "The employment effect of reforming a public employment agency," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 140-164.
    2. Gianna C. Giannelli & Ursula Jaenichen & Thomas Rothe, 2016. "The evolution of job stability and wages after the implementation of the Hartz reforms
      [Die Entwicklung von Beschäftigungsstabilität und Löhnen seit Einführung der Hartz-Reformen]
      ," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(3), pages 269-294, November.
    3. Baptiste Françon, 2013. "Who turned their back on the SPD? Electoral disaffection with the German Social Democratic Party and the Hartz reforms," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14019, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    4. Andrey Launov & Klaus Wälde, 2013. "Hartz IV ist tot – Es leben die Hartz-Reformen!," Working Papers 1308, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 01 Nov 2013.
    5. Bruno Amable & Baptiste Françon, 2014. "The Effect of the Hartz Reform on Unemployment Duration and Post-Unemployment Outcomes. A Difference-in-Differences Approach," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14020, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    6. Launov, Andrey & Wälde, Klaus, 2013. "Thumbscrews for Agencies or for Individuals? How to Reduce Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 7659, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Wolfgang Nagl & Michael Weber, 2016. "Stuck in a trap? Long-term unemployment under two-tier unemployment compensation schemes," ifo Working Paper Series 231, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    8. Launov, Andrey & Wälde, Klaus, 2014. "Thumbscrews for Agencies or Individuals? How to reduce unemployment," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100558, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    9. Baptiste Françon, 2013. "Who turned their back on the SPD? Electoral disaffection with the German Social Democratic Party and the Hartz reforms," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00973879, HAL.
    10. Lars Kroll & Thomas Lampert, 2011. "Changing health inequalities in Germany from 1994 to 2008 between employed and unemployed adults," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 56(3), pages 329-339, June.
    11. Karl Brenke & Werner Eichhorst, 2010. "Arbeitsmarktpolitik: falsche Anreize vermeiden, Fehlentwicklungen korrigieren," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(1), pages 56-84.
    12. Werner Eichhorst, 2008. "Die Agenda 2010 und die Grundsicherung für Arbeitsuchende," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(1), pages 38-50.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    SOEP; Income distribution; Unemployment benefit II;

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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