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La création d’entreprise par un chercheur fonctionnaire : la gestion du désencastrement

Author

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  • Valérie François-Noyer

    () (Université de Lille 1)

  • Pascal Philippart

    (Université de Lille 1)

Abstract

(VF): Avec la loi du 12 Juillet 1999, le législateur cherche à valoriser la recherche par la création d’entreprises. Ce dispositif est novateur puisqu’il concerne une population de créateurs potentiels a priori plutôt étrangère à l’idée d’entreprendre, les chercheurs, et d’autoriser sous conditions ce qui était interdit jusqu’alors:rester fonctionnaire pour devenir entrepreneur. Pour l’analyser, nous recourrons à la théorie des réseaux sociaux combinée avec les Économies de la Grandeur. Les résultats obtenus nous permettent de préciser comment un tel désencastrement peut être géré par le chercheur créateur. (VA) With legislation passed in July 1999, the lawmaker has aimed at supporting research by encouraging entrepreneurship amongst researchers. French researchers working in public laboratories are also civil servants and mostly do not feel concerned with entrepreneurship. The path followed by researchers to become entrepreneurs stimulates many questions. We examine this situation by combining two theoretical frames:the theory of social networks and «Les économies de la grandeur». They will help us to highlight the social embeddedness of researchers, and how undoing the latter may be managed by the researchers.

Suggested Citation

  • Valérie François-Noyer & Pascal Philippart, 2005. "La création d’entreprise par un chercheur fonctionnaire : la gestion du désencastrement," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 8(1), pages 49-71, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:8:y:2005:i:q1:p:49-71
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hoang, Ha & Antoncic, Bostjan, 2003. "Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 165-187, March.
    2. Didier Chabaud & Sylvie Ehlinger & Véronique Perret, 2003. "Les incubateurs d'entreprises innovantes : un réseau entrepreneurial reconfiguré ?," Post-Print halshs-00536290, HAL.
    3. Shane, Scott, 2002. "Executive Forum: University technology transfer to entrepreneurial companies," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 537-552, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    création d’entreprise; chercheur public; encastrement; réseaux sociaux; économies de la grandeur; high tech venture; civil servant researchers; embeddedness; social networks;

    JEL classification:

    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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