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La création d’entreprise par un chercheur fonctionnaire : la gestion du désencastrement

  • Valérie François-Noyer

    (Université de Lille 1)

  • Pascal Philippart

    (Université de Lille 1)

Registered author(s):

    (VF): Avec la loi du 12 Juillet 1999, le législateur cherche à valoriser la recherche par la création d’entreprises. Ce dispositif est novateur puisqu’il concerne une population de créateurs potentiels a priori plutôt étrangère à l’idée d’entreprendre, les chercheurs, et d’autoriser sous conditions ce qui était interdit jusqu’alors:rester fonctionnaire pour devenir entrepreneur. Pour l’analyser, nous recourrons à la théorie des réseaux sociaux combinée avec les Économies de la Grandeur. Les résultats obtenus nous permettent de préciser comment un tel désencastrement peut être géré par le chercheur créateur. (VA) With legislation passed in July 1999, the lawmaker has aimed at supporting research by encouraging entrepreneurship amongst researchers. French researchers working in public laboratories are also civil servants and mostly do not feel concerned with entrepreneurship. The path followed by researchers to become entrepreneurs stimulates many questions. We examine this situation by combining two theoretical frames:the theory of social networks and «Les économies de la grandeur». They will help us to highlight the social embeddedness of researchers, and how undoing the latter may be managed by the researchers.

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    Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 49-71

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:8:y:2005:i:q1:p:49-71
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    1. Hoang, Ha & Antoncic, Bostjan, 2003. "Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 165-187, March.
    2. Shane, Scott, 2002. "Executive Forum: University technology transfer to entrepreneurial companies," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 537-552, October.
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