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Births to single mothers: Age- and education-related changes in Poland between 1985 and 2010

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  • Zuzanna Brzozowska

    (Gesundheit Österreich GmbH, Vienna)

Abstract

Background: In Poland the share of non-marital births has increased steadily for more than two decades. Studies differentiating between births to unmarried partnered and unpartnered women are rare. Objective: This paper examines the age- and education-related changes in the share of births to unpartnered women in a setting characterised by a rising non-marital birth ratio. Methods: I use Polish birth registers for the years 1985 to 2011, which cover all births between 1985 and 2010 and contain some information on the parents (e.g., date of birth, education, and marital status at the time of the child’s birth). Results: In the analysed period the share of births to unpartnered women was stable at a level of 3%-5% of all births. Substantial increases were only noted among the least educated and teenage mothers, whose values exceeded 20% and 30%, respectively, in 2010. The share of teenagers among unpartnered mothers rose from around a quarter to more than one-third. Conclusions: In Poland the share of births to unpartnered women remained stable in the period 1985- 2010, but the number of the youngest and least educated mothers in this share increased.

Suggested Citation

  • Zuzanna Brzozowska, 2014. "Births to single mothers: Age- and education-related changes in Poland between 1985 and 2010," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 30(52), pages 1445-1462.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:30:y:2014:i:52
    DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2014.30.52
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Irena E. Kotowska & Janina Jóźwiak & Anna Matysiak & Anna Baranowska-Rataj, 2008. "Poland: Fertility decline as a response to profound societal and labour market changes?," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 19(22), pages 795-854.
    2. Anna Baranowska, 2011. "Premarital conceptions and their resolution. The decomposition of trends in rural and urban areas in Poland 1985-2009," Working Papers 27, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zuzanna Brzozowska, 2021. "Attitudinal and behavioural indices of the second demographic transition: Evidence from the last three decades in Europe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 44(46), pages 1115-1132.
    2. Brzozowska, Zuzanna, 2020. "Attitudinal and behavioural indices of the Second Demographic Transition: Evidence from the last three decades in Europe," OSF Preprints 3qzy6, Center for Open Science.
    3. Martina Štípková, 2015. "Ideational and Economic Causes of the Rise in Non-marital Childbearing in the Czech Republic," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 31(5), pages 473-494, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    single motherhood; nonmarital childbearing; educational differences in fertility; nonmarital fertility; Poland;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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