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A New Combinative Distance-Based Assessment(Codas) Method For Multi-Criteria Decision-Making



    (Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran)

  • Edmundas Kazimieras ZAVADSKAS

    (Department of Construction Technology and Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)

  • Zenonas TURSKIS

    (Department of Construction Technology and Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)


    (Department of Construction Technology and Management, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)


A key factor to attain success in any discipline, especially in a field which requires handling large amounts of information and knowledge, is decision making. Most real-world decision-making problems involve a great variety of factors and aspects that should be considered. Making decisions in such environments can often be a difficult operation to perform. For this reason, we need multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods and techniques, which can assist us for dealing with such complex problems. The aim of this paper is to present a new COmbinative Distance-based ASsessment (CODAS) method to handle MCDM problems. To determine the desirability of an alternative, this method uses the Euclidean distance as the primary and the Taxicab distance as the secondary measure, and these distances are calculated according to the negative- ideal point. The alternative which has greater distances is more desirable in the CODAS method. Some numerical examples are used to illustrate the process of the proposed method. We also perform a comparative sensitivity analysis to examine the results of CODAS and compare it by some existing MCDM methods. These analyses show that the proposed method is efficient, and the results are stable.

Suggested Citation

  • Mehdi KESHAVARZ GHORABAEE & Edmundas Kazimieras ZAVADSKAS & Zenonas TURSKIS & Jurgita ANTUCHEVICIENE, 2016. "A New Combinative Distance-Based Assessment(Codas) Method For Multi-Criteria Decision-Making," ECONOMIC COMPUTATION AND ECONOMIC CYBERNETICS STUDIES AND RESEARCH, Faculty of Economic Cybernetics, Statistics and Informatics, vol. 50(3), pages 25-44.
  • Handle: RePEc:cys:ecocyb:v:50:y:2016:i:3:p:25-44

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Brans, J. P. & Vincke, Ph. & Mareschal, B., 1986. "How to select and how to rank projects: The method," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 228-238, February.
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    More about this item


    Multi-criteria decision-making; MCDM; MADM; Euclidean distance; Taxicab distance; CODAS.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C44 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Operations Research; Statistical Decision Theory
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing


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