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Russian Inequality on the Eve of Revolution

Listed author(s):
  • Lindert, Peter H.
  • Nafziger, Steven

Just how unequal were the incomes of different classes of Russians on the eve of Revolution, relative to other countries, to Russia's earlier history, and to Russia's income distribution today? Careful weighing of an eclectic data set provides provisional answers. In 1904, on the eve of military defeat and the 1905 Revolution, Russian income inequality was middling by the standards of that era, and less severe than inequality has become today in such countries as China, the United States, and Russia itself. We enrich this emerging story by noting some distinctive fiscal and relative-price features of Imperial Russia. We hope that this report sets the stage for comparisons to Russian before the serf Emancipation of 1861.

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Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal The Journal of Economic History.

Volume (Year): 74 (2014)
Issue (Month): 03 (September)
Pages: 767-798

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Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:74:y:2014:i:03:p:767-798_00
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