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Russian Inequality on the Eve of Revolution

Author

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  • Lindert, Peter H.
  • Nafziger, Steven

Abstract

Just how unequal were the incomes of different classes of Russians on the eve of Revolution, relative to other countries, to Russia's earlier history, and to Russia's income distribution today? Careful weighing of an eclectic data set provides provisional answers. In 1904, on the eve of military defeat and the 1905 Revolution, Russian income inequality was middling by the standards of that era, and less severe than inequality has become today in such countries as China, the United States, and Russia itself. We enrich this emerging story by noting some distinctive fiscal and relative-price features of Imperial Russia. We hope that this report sets the stage for comparisons to Russian before the serf Emancipation of 1861.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Lindert, Peter H. & Nafziger, Steven, 2014. "Russian Inequality on the Eve of Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 74(03), pages 767-798, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:74:y:2014:i:03:p:767-798_00
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nafziger, Steven, 2011. "Did Ivan's vote matter? The political economy of local democracy in Tsarist Russia," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(03), pages 393-441, December.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Soviet and Russian Inequality: Was the Soviet System Pro-Poor? by Mark Harrison
      by Mark Harrison in Mark Harrison's blog on 2017-10-13 13:44:00

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:exehis:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:62-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Modalsli, Jørgen, 2018. "The regional dispersion of income inequality in nineteenth-century Norway," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 62-79.
    3. Milanovic, Branko, 2013. "The inequality possibility frontier : extensions and new applications," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6449, The World Bank.
    4. Lindert, Peter H. & Nafziger, Steven, 2014. "Russian Inequality on the Eve of Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 74(03), pages 767-798, September.
    5. repec:spr:cliomt:v:11:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11698-016-0153-6 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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