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Estimation For A Nonstationary Semi-Strong Garch(1,1) Model With Heavy-Tailed Errors

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  • Linton, Oliver
  • Pan, Jiazhu
  • Wang, Hui

Abstract

This paper studies the estimation of a semi-strong GARCH(1,1) model when it does not have a stationary solution, where semi-strong means that we do not require the errors to be independent over time. We establish necessary and sufficient conditions for a semi-strong GARCH(1,1) process to have a unique stationary solution. For the nonstationary semi-strong GARCH(1,1) model, we prove that a local minimizer of the least absolute deviations (LAD) criterion converges at the rate null to a normal distribution under very mild moment conditions for the errors. Furthermore, when the distributions of the errors are in the domain of attraction of a stable law with the exponent κ null (1, 2), it is shown that the asymptotic distribution of the Gaussian quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) is non-Gaussian but is some stable law with the exponent κ null (0, 2). The asymptotic distribution is difficult to estimate using standard parametric methods. Therefore, we propose a percentile-t subsampling bootstrap method to do inference when the errors are independent and identically distributed, as in Hall and Yao (2003). Our result implies that the least absolute deviations estimator (LADE) is always asymptotically normal regardless of whether there exists a stationary solution or not, even when the errors are heavy-tailed. So the LADE is more appealing when the errors are heavy-tailed. Numerical results lend further support to our theoretical results.

Suggested Citation

  • Linton, Oliver & Pan, Jiazhu & Wang, Hui, 2010. "Estimation For A Nonstationary Semi-Strong Garch(1,1) Model With Heavy-Tailed Errors," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(01), pages 1-28, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:26:y:2010:i:01:p:1-28_09
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    1. repec:eee:intfor:v:33:y:2017:i:3:p:569-580 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Chen, Min & Zhu, Ke, 2015. "Sign-based portmanteau test for ARCH-type models with heavy-tailed innovations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 189(2), pages 313-320.
    3. Aknouche, Abdelhakim & Al-Eid, Eid M. & Hmeid, Aboubakry M., 2011. "Offline and online weighted least squares estimation of nonstationary power ARCH processes," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 81(10), pages 1535-1540, October.
    4. Hill, Jonathan B. & Aguilar, Mike, 2013. "Moment condition tests for heavy tailed time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 172(2), pages 255-274.
    5. Hill, Jonathan B. & Prokhorov, Artem, 2016. "GEL estimation for heavy-tailed GARCH models with robust empirical likelihood inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(1), pages 18-45.
    6. Wang, Hui & Pan, Jiazhu, 2014. "Normal mixture quasi maximum likelihood estimation for non-stationary TGARCH(1,1) models," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 117-123.
    7. Abdelhakim Aknouche, 2012. "Multistage weighted least squares estimation of ARCH processes in the stable and unstable cases," Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 241-256, October.
    8. Francq, Christian & Zakoian, Jean-Michel, 2010. "Strict stationarity testing and estimation of explosive ARCH models," MPRA Paper 22414, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Aguilar, Mike & Hill, Jonathan B., 2015. "Robust score and portmanteau tests of volatility spillover," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 184(1), pages 37-61.
    10. Zhu, Ke, 2015. "Hausman tests for the error distribution in conditionally heteroskedastic models," MPRA Paper 66991, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Chen, Min & Zhu, Ke, 2014. "Sign-based specification tests for martingale difference with conditional heteroscedasity," MPRA Paper 56347, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Pedersen, Rasmus Søndergaard & Rahbek, Anders, 2016. "Nonstationary GARCH with t-distributed innovations," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 138(C), pages 19-21.

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