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Crisis and Consumption Smoothing

Author

Listed:
  • Qiang Zhang

    (University of Memphis)

  • Sung Jin Kang

    (Korea University)

Abstract

We study how the 1997-1998 Asian Financial Crisis affected consumption smoothing across households in Korean prefectures. The crisis caused the cross-sectional mean and volatility of household consumption to fall substantially. We show that such falls bias two standard tests towards rejecting consumption risk sharing. Exploiting the different sizes of bias in these two tests, we find that full risk sharing during crisis at the prefecture level could not be rejected for a consumption measure that includes nondurable goods and some services. In addition, prefecture level full risk sharing before crisis cannot be rejected at conventional significance levels in at least twelve of all fourteen prefectures. National risk sharing is, however, rejected throughout the whole sample period.

Suggested Citation

  • Qiang Zhang & Sung Jin Kang, 2007. "Crisis and Consumption Smoothing," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 8(1), pages 137-154, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2007:v:8:i:1:p:137-154
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Attanasio, Orazio P & Browning, Martin, 1995. "Consumption over the Life Cycle and over the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1118-1137, December.
    4. Angus Deaton, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Growing World (or Measuring Growth in a Poor World)," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(1), pages 1-19, February.
    5. Hayashi, Fumio & Altonji, Joseph & Kotlikoff, Laurence, 1996. "Risk-Sharing between and within Families," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(2), pages 261-294, March.
    6. Ogaki, Masao & Zhang, Qiang, 2001. "Decreasing Relative Risk Aversion and Tests of Risk Sharing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(2), pages 515-526, March.
    7. Qiang Zhang & Masao Ogaki, 2004. "Decreasing Relative Risk Aversion, Risk Sharing, and the Permanent Income Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 22, pages 421-430, October.
    8. Pierfederico Asdrubali & Bent E. Sørensen & Oved Yosha, 1996. "Channels of Interstate Risk Sharing: United States 1963–1990," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(4), pages 1081-1110.
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    Cited by:

    1. Goh, Chor-ching & Kang, Sung Jin & Sawada, Y asuyuki, 2005. "How did Korean households cope with negative shocks from the financial crisis?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 239-254, April.
    2. Shirley J. Ho & Hao-Chang Sung, 2012. "The Informational and Strategic Impacts of Real Earnings Management," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 13(2), pages 355-380, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption smoothing; Risk sharing; Relative risk aversion; Financial crisis; Generalized method of moments; Panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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