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El chocolate antes de la Gran Guerra: una perspectiva desde los sistemas abiertos


  • Oscar M. Granados



Este artículo evalúa la transformación del consumo global de chocolate en el periodo previo a la Gran Guerra (1870-1914). La investigación revela que el consumo de chocolate, más allá de una relación causal del mejoramiento en el ingreso y la búsqueda de un mejor estatus social, emergió de una interacción continua de diversos elementos como la innovación chocolatera, el emprendimiento, el comercio, la banca, la economía política y la política imperial. Por lo tanto, el consumo de chocolate funcionó como un sistema abierto.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar M. Granados, 2017. "El chocolate antes de la Gran Guerra: una perspectiva desde los sistemas abiertos," TIEMPO & ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE BOGOTA JORGE TADEO LOZANO, vol. 4(2), pages 67-88, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000485:015743

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Maria Garrone & Hannah Pieters & Jo Swinnen, 2015. " From pralines to multinationals. The economic history of Belgian chocolate," Working Papers Department of Economics 516208, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    2. Joseph S. Weiss, 1970. "A Spectral Analysis of World Cocoa Prices," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 52(1), pages 122-126.
    3. Leff, Nathaniel H, 1973. "Tropical Trade and Development in the Nineteenth Century: The Brazilian Experience," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 678-696, May-June.
    4. de Vries, Jan, 1994. "The Industrial Revolution and the Industrious Revolution," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(02), pages 249-270, June.
    5. Green, R. H. & Hymer, S. H., 1966. "Cocoa in the Gold Coast: A Study in the Relations between African Farmers and Agricultural Experts," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(03), pages 299-319, September.
    6. Ida Greaves, 1954. "The Character of British Colonial Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62, pages 1-1.
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    More about this item


    bienes básicos; globalización; imperialismo; innovación; economía política; historia económica;

    JEL classification:

    • N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N50 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N70 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N80 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - General, International, or Comparative


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