IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/col/000438/014957.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

La política de precios del café en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Roberto Steiner

    ()

  • Natalia Salazar Ferro

    ()

  • Alejandro Becerra

    ()

Abstract

"Una política cafetera que tenga como objetivo tanto la estabilización de precios como la maximización del ingreso del productor es insostenible y conlleva a altos costos para el fisco. En Colombia, se ha observado una elevada transmisión del precio externo al interno en períodos de precios externos al alza, y baja transmisión cuando los precios externos se deprimen. El subsidio que actualmente se otorga en Colombia, en particular el Programa de Protección al Ingreso Cafetero, se asigna en función de la producción, excluye a los pequeños productores y no exige ninguna mejora en productividad o calidad. La inequidad en su distribución es dramática; en 2013 el 10% de los productores recibieron el 80% del subsidio. Proponemos que, si se decide destinar recursos públicos al subsidio del sector cafetero, lo ideal sería fomentar la oferta y la demanda de esquemas de cobertura a las fluctuaciones de la tasa de cambio y del precio externo. La experiencia de otros países sugiere que la práctica colombiana de subsidiar la producción agrícola es bastante inusual. En otras latitudes. Los recursos públicos destinados al agro suelen proveer servicios y no por subsidiar directamente la producción de un sub-sector específico."

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Steiner & Natalia Salazar Ferro & Alejandro Becerra, 2015. "La política de precios del café en Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(2), pages 101-136, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:014957
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/3166
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Knudsen, Odin & Nash, John, 1990. "Domestic Price Stabilization Schemes in Developing Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(3), pages 539-558, April.
    2. Roberto Junguito & Juan José Perfetti & Alejandro Becerra, 2014. "Desarrollo de la agricultura colombiana," Cuadernos de Fedesarrollo 011565, Fedesarrollo.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. María Angélica Arbeláez & Sebastián Higuera & Roberto Steiner & Sandra Zuluaga, 2019. "The political economy of protection of some “sensitive†agricultural products in Colombia," Informes de Investigación 017195, Fedesarrollo.
    2. Ignacio Lozano-Espitia & Lina Ma. Ramírez-Villegas, 2016. "How Productive is Rural Infrastructure? Evidence on Some Agricultural Crops in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 948, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Xiao Yu Wang, 2014. "Risk Sorting, Portfolio Choice, and Endogenous Informal Insurance," NBER Working Papers 20429, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Barrera, Carlos, 2010. "¿Respuesta asimétrica de precios domésticos de combustibles ante choques en el WTI?," Working Papers 2010-016, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. Donald F. Larson & Julian Lampietti & Christophe Gouel & Carlo Cafiero & John Roberts, 2014. "Food Security and Storage in the Middle East and North Africa," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 28(1), pages 48-73.
    4. Ali, Ridwan & Alwang, Jeffrey & Siegel, Paul B., 1991. "Is export diversification the best way to achieve export growth and stability? A look at three African countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 729, The World Bank.
    5. Carlos Gustavo Cano, 2014. "Carestía e inflación: qué esperar de la política agrícola y los gravámenes a la tierra y el carbono," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 012022, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    6. Dawe, David, 2001. "How far down the path to free trade? The importance of rice price stabilization in developing Asia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 163-175, April.
    7. Echavarría, Juan José & Giraldo, Iader & Jaramillo, Fernando, 2019. "Cadenas globales de valor, crecimiento y protección arancelaria en Colombia," Working papers 9, Red Investigadores de Economía.
    8. Carlos Gustavo Cano, 2014. "Carestía e inflación: qué esperar de la política agrícola y los gravámenes a la tierra y el carbono," Borradores de Economia 836, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Helena García & Nicolás Martínez Patiño & Juan Camilo Farfán Romero, 2016. "Evaluación de Potencial de Crecimiento Verde (EPCV) para Colombia: Diálogo para la Identificación del Potencial de Crecimiento Verde," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 015481, FEDESARROLLO.
    10. Tollens, Eric, 2006. "Market Information Systems in Sub-Sahara Africa: Challenges and Opportunities," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25590, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    11. Serge Savary & Sonia Akter & Conny Almekinders & Jody Harris & Lise Korsten & Reimund Rötter & Stephen Waddington & Derrill Watson, 2020. "Mapping disruption and resilience mechanisms in food systems," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(4), pages 695-717, August.
    12. Wiebelt, Manfred & Herrmann, Roland & Schenck, Patricia & Thiele, Rainer, 1992. "Discrimination against agriculture in developing countries?," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 458, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    13. Bellemare, Marc F. & Barrett, Christopher B. & Just, David R., 2010. "The Welfare Impacts of Commodity Price Fluctuations: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia," MPRA Paper 24457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Jha, Shikha & Srinivasan, P. V., 1999. "Grain price stabilization in India: Evaluation of policy alternatives," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 21(1), pages 93-108, August.
    15. Gustavo Hernández & Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Adrián Zuur, 2016. "Una Matriz de Contabilidad Social para el sector rural colombiano," Informes de Investigación 015418, Fedesarrollo.
    16. Mendoza, Meyra S. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Brorsen, Wade, 1992. "Aggregate Corn Area Response Under Risk: Some Implications for Price Stabilization Programs," Philippine Journal of Development JPD 1992 Vol. XIX No. 2-d, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    17. Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio & Robinson, Sherman & Thomas, Marcelle, 2002. "On boxes, contents, and users: Food security and the WTO negotiations," TMD discussion papers 82, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    18. Patrick Guillaumont, 1993. "Politique d'ajustement et développement agricole," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 216(1), pages 20-29.
    19. Anderson, Jock R., 2003. "Risk in rural development: challenges for managers and policy makers," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 75(2-3), pages 161-197.
    20. Larson, Donald F. & Varangis, Panos & Yabuki, Nanae, 1998. "Commodity risk management and development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1963, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Política Cafetera; Subsidio; Inequidad;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000438:014957. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lucía Fenney Pérez). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.