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La violencia en los modelos de crecimiento económico

Author

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  • Marcel Hofstetter

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Abstract

Se presentan dos modelos dinámicos, que relacionan la violencia y el crecimiento económico en el corto y largo plazo. La formalización de estos postulados se realiza a través de las teorías económicas de crecimiento endógeno y exógeno, las cuales capturan los costos causados por el crimen violento al capital físico y humano. Los modelos incorporan la violencia como un factor exógeno. Además, se retoma la discusión en cuanto a su carácter estructural; es decir, a la difícil explicación para la existencia de la violencia. El desarrollo teórico conduce a que economías que presentan violencia estructural, experimentan un menor crecimiento en la actividad productiva.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Hofstetter, 1998. "La violencia en los modelos de crecimiento económico," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:003097
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/978/877
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Swan, Trevor W, 2002. "Economic Growth," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 78(243), pages 375-380, December.
    2. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
    3. Casey B. Mulligan & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1993. "Transitional Dynamics in Two-Sector Models of Endogenous Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 739-773.
    4. T. W. Swan, 1956. "ECONOMIC GROWTH and CAPITAL ACCUMULATION," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 32(2), pages 334-361, November.
    5. Isaac Ehrlich, 1996. "Crime, Punishment, and the Market for Offenses," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 43-67, Winter.
    6. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-565, May-June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Álvaro Hurtado Rendón & Luis Alfredo Molina, 2012. "Inestabilidad institucional, evidencia para Colombia: la violencia y el crecimiento económico en el periodo 1950-2010," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010572, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modelos de crecimiento endógeno y exógeno; cambio tecnológico; violencia;

    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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