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Reducing Social Exclusion in Highly Disadvantaged Districts in Medellín, Colombia, through the Provision of a Cable-Car


  • Diego Zapata Cordoba

    (Institute of Transport and Logistic Studies, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Sydney, Australia)

  • John Stanley

    (Institute of Transport and Logistic Studies, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Sydney, Australia)

  • Janet Robin Stanley

    (Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University, Australia)


Recent research has shown that increasing trip making and improving a person’s social capital and sense of community is likely to reduce risks of social exclusion, and increase wellbeing. This, and most other related research on social exclusion, has been undertaken in countries with developed economies. This paper examines some of these relationships within a developing economy, where social exclusion is likely to be more widespread, using secondary data. It examines two districts in Medellín, Colombia, which are historically marginalised, with considerable poverty and also suffering from substantial drug-related violence. The focus is on the role of Metrocable, an aerial cable-car public transport system built to improve transport options in the area’s steep terrain, in reducing risk of exclusion. The analysis shows that increasing the number of trips is significantly associated with a reduced risk of social exclusion and that increasing social capital is weakly supportive. Metrocable is therefore likely to be successful in reducing exclusion. The model suggests that secondary data can be used to explore relationships between mobility and risk of social exclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego Zapata Cordoba & John Stanley & Janet Robin Stanley, 2014. "Reducing Social Exclusion in Highly Disadvantaged Districts in Medellín, Colombia, through the Provision of a Cable-Car," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 2(4), pages 1-13.
  • Handle: RePEc:cog:socinc:v:2:y:2014:i:4:p:1-13

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stanley, Janet & Mulley, Corinne, 2010. "Workshop report - Social inclusion," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 275-279.
    2. Stanley, Janet & Lucas, Karen, 2008. "Social exclusion: What can public transport offer?," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 36-40, January.
    3. John Stanley & David A. Hensher & Janet Stanley & Graham Currie & William H. Greene & Dianne Vella-Brodrick, 2011. "Social Exclusion and the Value of Mobility," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, University of Bath, vol. 45(2), pages 197-222, May.
    4. Jaramillo, Ciro & Lizárraga, Carmen & Grindlay, Alejandro Luis, 2012. "Spatial disparity in transport social needs and public transport provision in Santiago de Cali (Colombia)," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 340-357.
    5. Stanley, John K. & Hensher, David A. & Stanley, Janet R. & Vella-Brodrick, Dianne, 2011. "Mobility, social exclusion and well-being: Exploring the links," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 789-801, October.
    6. John Stanley & Janet Stanley & David Hensher, 2012. "Mobility, Social Capital and Sense of Community: What Value?," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 49(16), pages 3595-3609, December.
    7. Peter Brand & Julio D. Dávila, 2011. "Mobility innovation at the urban margins," City, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(6), pages 647-661, December.
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