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Internationales Währungssystem: Ist der US-Dollar als Leitwährung überholt?

  • Lukas Menkhoff
  • Stephan Schulmeister
  • Bernd Kempa
  • Norbert Walter

In letzter Zeit wurden einige kritische Äußerungen zur Rolle des US-Dollar als Leitwährung laut. Sollte er als Weltleit- und Reservewährung ersetzt werden? Lukas Menkhoff, Universität Hannover, sieht den US-Dollar »längst in der Phase des Siechtums als internationale Leitwährung«. Der US-Dollar werde als Leitwährung abgelöst, wofür mehrere Szenarien denkbar seien. Für Stephan Schulmeister, Österreichischen Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Wien, ist die Globalisierung ohne supranationale Währung ein »fataler Widerspruch«. Eine immer stärker globalisierte Wirtschaft brauche eine echte Weltwährung, denn ansonsten gebe es einen unlösbaren Grundkonflikt zwischen den »nationalökonomischen« Interessen des Leitwährungslandes und den »globalökonomischen« Interessen der Weltwirtschaft. Bernd Kempa, Universität Münster, hingegen sieht gegenwärtig den US-Dollar als Leitwährung alternativlos. Zudem werde im Zuge einer Korrektur der globalen Ungleichgewichte der Dollar wieder an Vertrauen und Glaubwürdigkeit gewinnen. Norbert Walter, Deutsche Bank Group, weist darauf hin, dass es bei einer Änderung der Weltreservewährung nicht vorrangig um den Wert des Instruments, sondern um Kosten und Koordinierung dieser Ablösung geht. Dies komme dem Dollar derzeit zu Gute. Außerdem seien zwingende Argumente für eine bestimmte Währungsalternative derzeit nicht vorhanden.

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Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 62 (2009)
Issue (Month): 16 (08)
Pages: 03-18

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:62:y:2009:i:16:p:03-18
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  1. repec:tcd:wpaper:tep16 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Hélène Rey, 2005. "From World Banker to World Venture Capitalist: US External Adjustment and the Exorbitant Privilege," NBER Working Papers 11563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. repec:cdl:ciders:43847 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Philip Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2005. "A Global Perspective on External Positions," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp079, IIIS.
  5. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas & Hélène Rey, 2007. "International Financial Adjustment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 115(4), pages 665-703, 08.
  6. Stephan Schulmeister, . "Globalization Without Global Money. The Double Role of the Dollar as National Currency and as World Currency and its Consequences," WIFO Working Papers 106, WIFO.
  7. Gian-Maria Milesi-Ferretti & Philip R. Lane, 2005. "A Global Perspectiveon External Positions," IMF Working Papers 05/161, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann & Ugo Panizza, 2003. "Currency Mismatches, Debt Intolerance and Original Sin: Why They Are Not the Same and Why it Matters," NBER Working Papers 10036, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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