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Patente als Sicherheiten bei der Kreditvergabe

  • Hans Schedl
  • Guido von Scheffer
  • Dirk Loop
  • Holger Himmel
  • Sven Mussler
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    Im November letzten Jahres veranstaltete das Europäische Patentamt einen Workshop zu den Veränderungen, die sich aus der Einführung von Vorschlägen zur Neufassung der Baseler Eigenkapitalvereinbarung von 1988 ergeben, die darauf zielen, die Kapitalanforderungen an Banken stärker als bisher vom ökonomischen Risiko abhängig zu machen. Diese Neuregelung sieht bei der Bestimmung der Eigenkapitalquote eine Reihe von Ansätzen zur Messung des Kreditrisikos und des operationellen Risikos vor und eröffnet gleichzeitig die Möglichkeit der Einbeziehung weiterer, bisher nicht berücksichtigter Sicherheiten, zu denen auch Patente gehören können, sofern ihre wirtschaftliche Bedeutung belegt werden kann. Dies bietet technologieorientierten, kleineren Firmen Möglichkeiten, ihre Kreditbedingungen zu verbessern. In zwei hier dokumentierten Vorträgen stellen Guido von Scheffer und Dirk Loop, IP Bewertungs AG, Hamburg, und Dr. Holger Himmel und Sven Mussler, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Frankfurt am Main, verschiedene Alternativen der Patentbewertung zur Absicherung von Kreditrisiken vor.

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    Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

    Volume (Year): 58 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 07 (04)
    Pages: 21-31

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    Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:58:y:2005:i:07:p:21-31
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    1. Harhoff, Dietmar & Reitzig, Markus, 2004. "Determinants of opposition against EPO patent grants--the case of biotechnology and pharmaceuticals," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 443-480, April.
    2. Bronwyn H. Hall, Adam Jaffe and Manuel Trajtenberg., 2000. "Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look," Economics Working Papers E00-277, University of California at Berkeley.
    3. Albert, M. B. & Avery, D. & Narin, F. & McAllister, P., 1991. "Direct validation of citation counts as indicators of industrially important patents," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 251-259, June.
    4. Scherer, Frederic M. & Harhoff, Dietmar & Vopel, Katrin, 1997. "Exploring the Tail of Patented Invention Value Distributions," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-30, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Harhoff, Dietmar & Scherer, Frederic M. & Vopel, Katrin, 2003. "Citations, family size, opposition and the value of patent rights," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1343-1363, September.
    6. Jean O. Lanjouw & Mark Schankerman, 1999. "The Quality of Ideas: Measuring Innovation with Multiple Indicators," NBER Working Papers 7345, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. William D. Nordhaus, 1967. "The Optimal Life of a Patent," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 241, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    8. Narin, Francis & Noma, Elliot & Perry, Ross, 1987. "Patents as indicators of corporate technological strength," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 143-155, August.
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