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Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland – Wahrnehmung und Wirklichkeit

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  • Judith Niehues

Abstract

Die Mehrheit der Deutschen empfindet die Verteilungsverhältnisse als eher ungerecht und wünscht sich einen stärkeren sozialen Ausgleich. Umfragen deuten allerdings darauf hin, dass das Ausmaß gesellschaftlicher Ungleichheit in Deutschland tendenziell überschätzt wird: Die Mehrheit der Bundesbürger sieht die Gesellschaft als eine Pyramide, mit den meisten Menschen im unteren Bereich. Schichtanalysen identifizieren hingegen eindeutig die Mittelschicht als größte Bevölkerungsgruppe. Auch bei subjektiver Selbsteinordnung stufen sich die meisten Bundesbürger in die Mitte ein, viele mittlerweile auch in höhere Schichten. Nimmt man den abstrakten Wunsch nach Umverteilung genauer in den Blick, sind es dann auch eher diese Gruppen als die unteren Schichten, die von einer Umsetzung der konkreten Umverteilungspräferenzen der Bevölkerung profiteren würden.

Suggested Citation

  • Judith Niehues, 2019. "Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland – Wahrnehmung und Wirklichkeit," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 27(02), pages 06-11, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:27:y:2019:i:02:p:06-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Judith Niehues, 2016. "Ungleichheit: Wahrnehmung und Wirklichkeit – ein internationaler Vergleich
      [Perception of Inequality and Reality: An International Comparison]
      ," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 96(1), pages 13-18, March.
    2. Engelhardt, Carina & Wagener, Andreas, 2014. "Biased Perceptions of Income Inequality and Redistribution," VfS Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100395, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Niehues, Judith, 2014. "Subjektive Ungleichheitswahrnehmung und Umverteilungspräferenzen: Ein internationaler Vergleich," IW-Trends – Vierteljahresschrift zur empirischen Wirtschaftsforschung, Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW) / German Economic Institute, vol. 41(2), pages 75-91.
    4. Carina Engelhardt & Andreas Wagener, 2016. "What do Germans think and know about income inequality? A survey experiment," Working Papers 389, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
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