Larticle cherche à contrer les critiques formulées à lencontre de la théorie évolutionnaire de Hayek en mettant en évidence les apports des théories de la complexité. Cela permet tout dabord de comprendre que la méthode de Hayek nest pas un holisme mais un anti-réductionnisme. Cette méthode est constante chez lauteur, que ce soit dans son approche du marché ou de lévolution culturelle : il ny aurait donc aucune incohérence dans sa pensée.De surcroît, la prise en compte de lignorance individuelle comme des phénomènes démergence ne permet plus dutiliser la théorie des jeux pour corroborer ou réfuter les explications dites de main-invisible . La théorie de lévolution culturelle aurait donc une plus grande portée descriptive que celle qui lui est généralement conférée.This paper tries to respond to criticisms raised against Hayeks evolutionary theory by highlighting the salient features of theories of complexity. This allows us first to understand that Hayeks method is not holistic but anti-reductionist. This method permeates Hayeks whole oeuvre, whether it be his theory of the market or his ideas about cultural evolution. Hence, there is no inconsistency in his thought. Furthermore, taking individual ignorance and the phenomena of emergence into account no long allows us to use game theory in order to corroborate or refute invisible hand explanations. The theory of cultural evolution would hence have a greater scope than that traditionally acknowledged.
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Volume (Year): 9 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
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