On the Importance of the Tax System in Marginal Cost of Funds Calculations
Several papers have attempted to derive computable analytical formulas for the Marginal Cost of Funds (MCF). However, this literature is often cast in the pure labor supply general equilibrium model, which is not completely consistent with real tax systems where Labor Income Taxation (LIT) is not the only instrument used by governments. Hence, we explicitly introduce Value-Added Taxation (VAT) on consumption goods in the conventional model, and we derive an analytical formula for the MCF which does incorporate general equilibrium interactions between the different tax bases. Then, we illustrate how much this matter for empirical estimates of MCF using French data. Our numerical example suggests that, when computing MCF for a LIT reform, taking account of the impact of LIT reform on tax revenue from VAT can make a great deal of difference, typically increasing MCF and accounting for around 0.2 to 0.8 of estimates. In addition, MCF is then really less likely to be less than one than in the conventional framework.
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Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Stuart, Charles E, 1984. "Welfare Costs per Dollar of Additional Tax Revenue in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 352-362, June.
- A. B. Atkinson & N. H. Stern, 1974. "Pigou, Taxation and Public Goods," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(1), pages 119-128.
- Browning, Edgar K & Gronberg, Timothy & Liu, Liqun, 2000. "Alternative Measures of the Marginal Cost of Funds," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(4), pages 591-599, October.
- Dahlby, Bev, 1998. "Progressive taxation and the social marginal cost of public funds," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 105-122, January.
- Mayshar, Joram, 1991. "On Measuring the Marginal Cost of Funds Analytically," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1329-1335, December.
- Triest, Robert K, 1990. "The Relationship between the Marginal Cost of Public Funds and Marginal Excess Burden," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(3), pages 557-566, June.
- Sandmo, Agnar, 1998. "Redistribution and the marginal cost of public funds," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(3), pages 365-382, December.
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