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Globalization, Lobbying, and International Environmental Governance

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  • Johal, Surjinder
  • Ulph, Alistair

Abstract

Globalization may require supranational coordination of environmental policies to prevent strategic policy competition weakening environmental standards. This raises concerns about a democratic deficit at the supranational level, and the possibility of capture by special interest groups. The authors develop a model in which environmental policy can be set at the national or supranational level. Governments at each level act in the interests of the group they represent, and interest groups lobby to influence the probability of getting their type of government elected. Using asymmetries in lobbying costs, the authors analyze the effects of a democratic deficit and differential access to influence by different interest groups on the welfare of groups and nations. The paper shows: (i) asymmetries may have unexpected effects; (ii) asymmetries have greater effect when policy is set at the national rather than supranational level; and (iii) despite asymmetries groups and nations are better off when policy is coordinated at the supranational level. Copyright 2002 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Johal, Surjinder & Ulph, Alistair, 2002. "Globalization, Lobbying, and International Environmental Governance," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(3), pages 387-403, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:10:y:2002:i:3:p:387-403
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    Cited by:

    1. Laura Marsiliani & Thomas I Renstrom, 2005. "Political Institutions, Environmental Policy and Growth," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2005 38, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    2. Wolfgang Buchholz & Alexander Haupt & Wolfgang Peters, 2013. "International Environmental Agreements, Fiscal Federalism, and Constitutional Design," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 705-718, September.
    3. Palokangas, Tapio K., 2014. "The Political Economy of Labor Market Regulation with R&D," IZA Discussion Papers 8147, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Simon Dietz & Carmen Marchiori & Alessandro Tavoni, 2012. "Domestic politics and the formation of international environmental agreements," GRI Working Papers 87, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    5. Palokangas, Tapio K., 2015. "The Welfare Effects of Globalization with Labor Market Regulation," IZA Discussion Papers 9412, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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