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A Human Development Index for U.S. Cities: Methodological Issues and Preliminary Findings


  • Stephen J. Agostini
  • Sandra J. Richardson


This paper builds upon the work of the United Nations Development Program in expanding the use of the Human Development Index (HDI). This index, originally created to compare human development among countries, has been modified to allow comparisons among cities in the United States. This paper discusses the methodology used to develop the cross-city HDI, as well as the results for the twenty-five cities chosen for this study. The results offer an intriguing "snapshot" of human development in each city, as well as an encouraging, although limited, benchmark for policy making in cities. Copyright American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen J. Agostini & Sandra J. Richardson, 1997. "A Human Development Index for U.S. Cities: Methodological Issues and Preliminary Findings," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 25(1), pages 13-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reesec:v:25:y:1997:i:1:p:13-41

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sudhir Anand and Amartya Sen, 1994. "Human development Index: Methodology and Measurement," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007) HDOCPA-1994-02, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
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    Cited by:

    1. Stephen Morse, 2011. "Attracting Attention for the Cause. The Reporting of Three Indices in the UK National Press," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 101(1), pages 17-35, March.
    2. McLean, Edward L. & Roper, Cindy G., 2000. "Indicators Of Inhabitant, Household, Family And Economic Growth: South Carolina And North Carolina," Research Reports 18798, Clemson University, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    3. D├ębora Pereira & Caroline Mota, 2016. "Human Development Index Based on ELECTRE TRI-C Multicriteria Method: An Application in the City of Recife," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 125(1), pages 19-45, January.
    4. Jordan, Jeffrey L. & Anil, Bulent & Munasib, Abdul B.A., 2010. "Community Development and Local Social Capital," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 42(01), February.
    5. Malpezzi, Stephen, 2001. "The Contributions of Stephen K. Mayo to Housing and Urban Economics," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 72-108, June.
    6. Jordan, Jeffrey L., 2004. "Constructing a Human Development Index for Georgia's Counties," Faculty Series 16672, University of Georgia, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

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