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IPO Pricing and Share Allocation: The Importance of Being Ignorant

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  • CÉLINE GONDAT-LARRALDE
  • KEVIN R. JAMES

Abstract

Since an underwriter sets an IPO's offer price without knowing its market value, investors can acquire information about its value and avoid overpriced deals ("lemon-dodge"). To mitigate this well-known risk, the bank enters into a repeat game with a coalition of investors who do not lemon-dodge in exchange for on-average underpriced shares. We (i) derive and test a quantitative IPO pricing rule (showing that tech IPOs were not excessively underpriced during the boom of the 1990s); and (ii) analyzing a unique multibank data set, find strong support for the conjecture that a bank preferentially allocates shares to its coalition. Copyright 2008 by The American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Céline Gondat-Larralde & Kevin R. James, 2008. "IPO Pricing and Share Allocation: The Importance of Being Ignorant," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(1), pages 449-478, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:63:y:2008:i:1:p:449-478
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    Cited by:

    1. Grullon, Gustavo & Underwood, Shane & Weston, James P., 2014. "Comovement and investment banking networks," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(1), pages 73-89.
    2. Cheung, Yan-leung & OUYANG, Zhiwei & TAN, Weiqiang, 2009. "How regulatory changes affect IPO underpricing in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 692-702, December.
    3. Mei-Hua Liao & Chien-Chih Lin & Yinrou Wang, 2011. "The Effects of Removing Price Limits: Evidence from Taiwan IPO Stocks," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(0), pages 40-52, November.
    4. Mei-Hua Liao & Chien-Chih Lin & Yinrou Wang, 2011. "The Effects of Removing Price Limits: Evidence from Taiwan IPO Stocks," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(0), pages 40-52, November.
    5. An, Heng (Hunter) & Chan, Kam C., 2008. "Credit ratings and IPO pricing," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 584-595, December.
    6. Adriani, Fabrizio & Deidda, Luca & Sonderegger, Silvia, 2009. "The Role of Financial Intermediaries in Securities Issues: A Theoretical Analysis," MPRA Paper 16112, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Boreiko, Dmitri & Lombardo, Stefano, 2011. "Italian IPOs: Allocations and claw back clauses," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 127-143, February.
    8. Anderson, Christopher W. & Huang, Jian, 2017. "Institutional investment in IPOs and post-IPO M&A activity," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1-18.
    9. Gounopoulos, Dimitrios & Kallias, Konstantinos & Newton, David & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2016. "Political connections and IPO underpricing: An efficiency problem," MPRA Paper 69427, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Krigman, Laurie & Jeffus, Wendy, 2016. "IPO pricing as a function of your investment banks' past mistakes: The case of Facebook," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 335-344.

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