Determinants of the Travel Behavior of the Suburban Elderly
In recent years, a significant feature of population change in North American metropolitan areas has been the rapid suburbanization of elderly people. The ability to engage in routine activity may be a necessary condition for the maintenance of independent life styles and psychological well-being among older suburbanites. Using a conceptual framework based on Parmelee and Lawton's ecological model of aging, this article offers an exploratory investigation of the determinants of the travel of separate samples of elderly male and female suburbanites to each of five destination categories of key service/activity sites in a Canadian city. The results of the tests of ten multiple regression models disclose that the levels of explanation of trip frequency afforded by "autonomy components" (e.g. health-related characteristics, living arrangements, and income level) vary according to destination category. However, the explanatory power of "security components" (i.e. variables concerning access to destination categories) is generally low. Overall, the findings of the study provide a basis for developing a deeper understanding of the repetitive travel behavior of elderly suburbanites. Copyright 2001 Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky.
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Volume (Year): 32 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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