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Determinants of Bank Debt in a Continental Financial System: Evidence from Spanish Companies


  • Pablo de Andrés Alonso
  • Félix J. López Iturriaga
  • Juan A. Rodríguez Sanz
  • Eleuterio Vallelado González


We test hypotheses about the structure of corporate debt ownership and the use of bank debt by firms in a civil-law country, Spain. We focus on bank debt effects in the presence of information asymmetries and agency costs, and on efficient versus inefficient firm liquidation. We find that the relation between growth opportunities and bank financing is not as strong as the one found in common-law countries, that there is a positive relation between firm size and the proportion of bank debt used, and that firms closer to bankruptcy and highly leveraged are more likely to use bank debt. Copyright 2005 by the Eastern Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Pablo de Andrés Alonso & Félix J. López Iturriaga & Juan A. Rodríguez Sanz & Eleuterio Vallelado González, 2005. "Determinants of Bank Debt in a Continental Financial System: Evidence from Spanish Companies," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 40(3), pages 305-333, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:finrev:v:40:y:2005:i:3:p:305-333

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    Cited by:

    1. Anna Białek-Jaworska & Natalia Nehrebecka, 2016. "The role of bank credit in business financing in Poland," Working Papers 2016-03, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    2. García-Teruel, Pedro J. & Martínez-Solano, Pedro & Sánchez-Ballesta, Juan Pedro, 2014. "The role of accruals quality in the access to bank debt," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 186-193.
    3. Anna Malinowska, 2016. "The impact of monetary policy and agent heterogeneity on firm financing structure: evidence from the USA," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 46.
    4. repec:eur:ejesjr:146 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Natalia Nehrebecka & Aneta Dzik-Walczak, 2016. "Publication selection bias in the sources of financing the enterprises research? A Meta-Regression Analysis," Working Papers 2016-02, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    6. Díaz-Díaz, Nieves Lidia & García-Teruel, Pedro J. & Martínez-Solano, Pedro, 2016. "Debt maturity structure in private firms: Does the family control matter?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 393-411.
    7. Gwatidzo, Tendai & Ojah, Kalu, 2014. "Firms’ debt choice in Africa: Are institutional infrastructure and non-traditional determinants important?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 152-166.

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