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United States Demand for Coffee Imports

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  • E.W. Goddard
  • T. Akiyama

Abstract

The United States ‐ one of the world's largest coffee importers ‐ imports coffee beans from a variety of different countries. These countries are aggregated into five groups representing five broadly defined types of coffee. Imports of the five coffees over time are examined to determine price, expenditure and substitution elasticities. These elasticities reflect preferences as well a technical relationships in the form of blending recipes. The lower the degree of substitutability between the different types of coffee, the more inelastic the demand from the United States facing groups of exporting countries. The results suggest rigidities in United States imports of coffee of different types. These rigidities are evidenced by substantial complementarity among the five coffee types. Preference patterns are very similar across a wide range of model specifications. There are differences in expenditure elasticities for different types of coffee in the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • E.W. Goddard & T. Akiyama, 1989. "United States Demand for Coffee Imports," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 3(2), pages 147-159, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:agecon:v:3:y:1989:i:2:p:147-159
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-0862.1989.tb00077.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Wim Pelupessy & Rafael Díaz, 2008. "Upgrading of Lowland coffee in Central America," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(1), pages 119-140.
    2. Bosbach, Moritz & Maietta, Ornella Wanda, 2019. "The Implicit Price for Fair Trade Coffee: Does Social Capital Matter?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 34-41.
    3. Anders, Sven & Fedoseeva, Svetlana, 2017. "Quality, Sourcing, and Asymmetric Exchange-Rate Pass-Through into U.S. Coffee Imports," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 42(3), September.
    4. Bosbach, Moritz & Maietta, Ornella Wanda, 2011. "The Impact of Social Capital on the Implicit Price Paid by the Italian Consumer for Fair Trade Coffee," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114371, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Michael Fesseha Yohannes & Toshinobu Matsuda, 2016. "Weather Effects on Household Demand for Coffee and Tea in Japan," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(1), pages 33-44, January.
    6. Houston, Jack E. & Santillan, Manlio & Marlowe, Julia, 2003. "U.S. Demand For Mild Coffees: Implications For Mexican Coffee," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 34(1), pages 1-7, March.

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