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Wife abuse among women of childbearing age in Nicaragua


  • Ellsberg, M.C.
  • Peña, R.
  • Herrera, A.
  • Liljestrand, J.
  • Winkvist, A.


Objectives. This study measured the prevalence, frequency, and severity of physical wife abuse and its risk factors in Leon, Nicaragua. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of 488 women 15 to 49 years of age. Results. The lifetime prevalence of spousal violence was 52% among ever-married women (n=360). Spousal violence was significantly positively associated with poverty, parity, urban residence, and history of violence in the husband's family. No significant associations were found between spousal violence and women's age, education, marital dependency, or occupation. Conclusions. Wife abuse constitutes a major public health problem in Nicaragua, requiring urgent measures for prevention and treatment for victims.

Suggested Citation

  • Ellsberg, M.C. & Peña, R. & Herrera, A. & Liljestrand, J. & Winkvist, A., 1999. "Wife abuse among women of childbearing age in Nicaragua," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 89(2), pages 241-244.
  • Handle: RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:1999:89:2:241-244_9

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    Cited by:

    1. Jake J. Hays & Kammi K. Schmeer, 2020. "Age at first sex and adult mental health in Nicaragua," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 43(44), pages 1297-1334.
    2. Shrader, Elizabeth, 2001. "Methodologies to measure the gender dimensions of crime and violence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2648, The World Bank.
    3. Rachel Heath & Seema Jayachandran, 2016. "The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education and Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries," Working Papers id:11434, eSocialSciences.
    4. Paul, Sohini, 2014. "Women labour force participation and domestic violence: Evidence from India," MPRA Paper 55311, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Leight, Jessica, 2021. "Like father, like son, like mother, like daughter: Intergenerational transmission of intrahousehold gender attitudes in Ethiopia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).
    6. Ashish Bajracharya & Sajeda Amin, 2013. "Microcredit and Domestic Violence in Bangladesh: An Exploration of Selection Bias Influences," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(5), pages 1819-1843, October.
    7. Sohini Paul, 2016. "Women’s Labour Force Participation and Domestic Violence," Journal of South Asian Development, , vol. 11(2), pages 224-250, August.
    8. Fen Liao & Yan Li & Ping Qing & Jie Feng & Anxu Wang & Jian Li & Junsheng Huo & Linjie Wang & Tong Chen & Jing Sun & Hongmei Mao, 2023. "Impact of folate biofortified food supplement on rural women's health and willingness‐to‐pay: A study based on a connected randomized controlled trial—Becker–DeGroot–Marschak experiment in China," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 39(S1), pages 1458-1477, December.
    9. Gage, Anastasia J., 2005. "Women's experience of intimate partner violence in Haiti," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 343-364, July.
    10. Seema Vyas & Charlotte Watts, 2009. "How does economic empowerment affect women's risk of intimate partner violence in low and middle income countries? A systematic review of published evidence," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(5), pages 577-602.

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