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Does trade liberalization always decrease union bargaining power?

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  • Jorge Saba Arbache

    (UnB)

Abstract

The theoretical and empirical literature shows that union wages are more responsive to international import competition than nonunion wages, thus reducing unions bargaining power. In this paper we track the influence of unions on wages in Brazil before and after the trade liberalization in the beginning of the 1990s. We find that union bargaining power increased rather that decreased after economic openness. Our results seem to be related to the bargaining framework prevailing in the Brazilian labor market.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Saba Arbache, 2004. "Does trade liberalization always decrease union bargaining power?," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 5(1), pages 99-121, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:5:y:2004:i:1:p:99-121
    as

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    File URL: http://www.anpec.org.br/revista/vol5/vol5n1p99_121.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Arbache, Jorge Saba, 2004. "Do Structural Reforms always Succeed? Lessons from Brazil," WIDER Working Paper Series 058, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Andy Dickerson & Francis Green & Jorge Saba Arbache, 2001. "Trade Liberalization and the Returns to Education: A Pseudo-panel Approach," Studies in Economics 0114, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    3. Fariha Kamal & Mary E. Lovely & Devashish Mitra, 2014. "Trade Liberalization And Labor Shares In China," Working Papers 14-24, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    4. Magda, Iga & Marsden, David & Moriconi, Simone, 2016. "Lower coverage but stronger unions? Institutional changes and union wage premia in Central Europe," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 638-656.
    5. Bosch, Mariano & Goñi-Pacchioni, Edwin & Maloney, William, 2012. "Trade liberalization, labor reforms and formal–informal employment dynamics," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 653-667.
    6. Ahsan, Reshad N. & Mitra, Devashish, 2014. "Trade liberalization and labor's slice of the pie: Evidence from Indian firms," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 1-16.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Union; trade liberalization; wage structure; wage dispersion; Brazil;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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