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Rural tourism: A kind of sustainable tourism in the face of global economic crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Maurizio Lanfranchi
  • Carlo Giannetto
  • Angelina De Pascale

Abstract

Tourism has represented one of the major sources of balance of trade earnings for many years in the most developed countries. According to estimates by the World Tourism Organization (WTO), world tourism flows will grow by 4-5% annually over the coming years, reaching in 2020 an estimated number of 1.6 billion international arrivals, of which 378 million will be short haul international travellers (Lanfranchi M., Giannetto C., 2010). With the passage of time demand will become more diversified and this will lead to the spread of ?new tourism?, the search for new products and increasingly diverse offers, characterised by organized local tourist systems. This paper underlines the importance of the tourist district (TD) or local tourist system (LTS) model as a strategic tool for creating innovative processes of endogenous development in a highly globalized framework, moreover it tries to highlight the peculiarities of tourist districts and their importance (as a network of heterogeneous actors operating at local level) in overcoming the major limitations of the distribution chain. In this model we need to improve the use and knowledge of the cultural, environmental and gastronomic heritage of the area in question and this can only happen through the creation of a tight network of relationships, composed of and coordinated by both public and private entities able to meet all the requirements (accommodation, catering, entertainment, travel etc.) of potential visitors. Therefore, the birth of DT or STL represents an important opportunity for the promotion of tourism development of different local realities, because they are able to create innovative spatial models, capable of responding effectively to needs concerning the coordination of different tourism initiatives. There has been a heterogeneous response concerning implementation of STL in Italy, indeed some regions have not taken advantage of this potential tool for tourism development, while others have created a special discipline.

Suggested Citation

  • Maurizio Lanfranchi & Carlo Giannetto & Angelina De Pascale, 2014. "Rural tourism: A kind of sustainable tourism in the face of global economic crisis," International Journal for Responsible Tourism, Fundatia Amfiteatru, vol. 3(2), pages 15-28, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:amf:ijrtfa:v:3:y:2014:i:2:p:15-28
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maurizio Lanfranchi & Carlo Giannetto, 2011. "The tourist district model of competitiveness for economic development in local territorial," The Annals of Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University. Economy, Commerce and Tourism Series, Faculty of Management in Tourism and Commerce Bucharest, "Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 3(1), pages 7-15, June.
    2. Bill Slee & Helen Farr & Patrick Snowdon, 1997. "The Economic Impact Of Alternative Types Of Rural Tourism," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(1‐3), pages 179-192, January.
    3. Sharpley, Richard, 2014. "Host perceptions of tourism: A review of the research," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 37-49.
    4. Choo, Hyungsuk & Petrick, James F., 2014. "Social interactions and intentions to revisit for agritourism service encounters," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 372-381.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    rural tourism; sustainable Tourism; multifunctional agriculture; farm - economic crisis.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics
    • F60 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - General
    • F64 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Environment
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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