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The Analysis of the Real Convergence of the Countries from Central and Eastern Europe


  • Roxana Badircea

    (University of Craiova Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Alina Manta

    (University of Craiova Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Alia Duta

    (University of Craiova Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)


This thesis treats extremely present aspects regarding the evolutions of the emerging economies within the new member states of the European Union insisting on the analysis of the convergence process from a real perspective. Beside the achievement of a monetary union, one of the fundamental objectives of the European Union is represented by the reducing of the disparities regarding the level of development among the member states. One of the ways of appreciating the reduction of the disparities between the economies involve a reduction of the gap as far as the GDP level/inhabitant is concerned or in other words, a real convergence. A series of statistic data are analysed in order to point out the extent to which the central ad East-European states have managed to reduce the gap in report to the developed member states of the EMU, using indicators for the appreciation of the real convergence: the GDP per inhabitant, the monthly average salary, the poverty rate, the contribution of the main sectors of the economy in the formation of the GDP and the unemployment rate. From the analysis of the statistic data one can observe that the highest degree of real convergence is held by Slovenia, which distanced a lot from the other EEC states, followed by the Czech Republic. Regarding from the point of view of the evolution of the EEC countries during the entire analysed period, based on the dynamics of the indicators and of the speed of catching up the gaps we can also notice the performance of the Baltic countries. Unfortunately, Romania and Bulgaria are way behind the other EEC countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Roxana Badircea & Alina Manta & Alia Duta, 2016. "The Analysis of the Real Convergence of the Countries from Central and Eastern Europe," Finante - provocarile viitorului (Finance - Challenges of the Future), University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 1(18), pages 45-50, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:aio:fpvfcf:v:1:y:2016:i:18:p:45-50

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rainer Kattel, 2010. "Financial and economic crisis in Eastern Europe," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 41-60, October.
    2. Peter Backé & Christian Thimann & Olga Arratibel & Oscar Calvo-Gonzalez & Arnaud Mehl & Carolin Nerlich, 2004. "The acceding countries’ strategies towards ERM II and the adoption of the euro - an analytical review," Occasional Paper Series 10, European Central Bank.
    3. Zsolt Darvas, 2010. "The case for reforming euro area entry criteria," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 32(2), pages 195-219, December.
    4. Ralf Bruggemann & Carsten Trenkler, 2007. "Are Eastern European Countries Catching Up? Time Series Evidence for Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(4), pages 245-249.
    5. Péter Halmai & Viktória Vásáry, 2010. "Real convergence in the new Member States of the European Union (Shorter and longer term prospects)," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 7(1), pages 229-253, June.
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    More about this item


    real convergence; the evolution of the GDP per inhabitant; the poverty rate; the contribution of the main sectors to the formation of the GDP.;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy


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