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Regional Economic Growth And Income Distribution: County-Level Evidence From The U.S. South

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  • Ngarambe, Octavian
  • Goetz, Stephan J.
  • Debertin, David L.

Abstract

Changes in income distribution are estimated for the U.S. South over the 1970 and 1980 decades using Gini coefficients for county-level, real family income. To explicitly investigate causal relationships between economic growth and inequality, a two-stage least squares model was estimated. In the 1970s, more rapid increases in inequality were associated with a reduced income growth rate, ceteris paribus, while in the 1980s, the opposite was true. Faster rates of income growth were associated with more rapid increases in inequality during the 1980s, but rates of income growth had no effect on changes in inequality during the 1970s.

Suggested Citation

  • Ngarambe, Octavian & Goetz, Stephan J. & Debertin, David L., 1998. "Regional Economic Growth And Income Distribution: County-Level Evidence From The U.S. South," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 30(2), pages 1-13, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:15558
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.15558
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    1. Anil Rupasingha & Stephan J. Goetz & David Freshwater, 2002. "Social and institutional factors as determinants of economic growth: Evidence from the United States counties," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 81(2), pages 139-155.
    2. Goetz, Stephan J. & Rupasingha, Anil, 2004. "The Returns to Education in Rural Areas," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 34(3), pages 245-259.
    3. Gyawali, Buddhi & Fraser, Rory & Bukenya, James & Schelhas, John, 2008. "Income Convergence in a Rural, Majority African-American Region," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 38(1), pages 45-65.
    4. Yohannes Hailu & Yohannes Hailu, 2005. "Assessing Demographic Changes and Income Inequalities: A Case Study of West Virginia," Working Papers Working Paper 2005-02, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
    5. Blank, Steven C., 2005. "Hedging with off-farm income: implications for production and investment decisions across farm sizes," 2005 Annual Meeting, July 6-8, 2005, San Francisco, California 291741, Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    6. Stephan J Goetz & Mark D Partridge & Dan S Rickman & Shibalee Majumdar, 2011. "Sharing the Gains of Local Economic Growth: Race-to-the-Top versus Race-to-the-Bottom Economic Development," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 29(3), pages 428-456, June.
    7. Dr. J. G. Sri Ranjith & Dr. O. G Dayaratna Banda, 2014. "Determinants of Success of Small Business: A Survey-Based Study in Kuliyapitiya Divisional Secretariat of Sri Lanka," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 4(6), pages 38-50, June.
    8. Dr. J. G. Sri Ranjith & Dr. O. G Dayaratna Banda, 2014. "Determinants of Success of Small Business: A Survey-Based Study in Kuliyapitiya Divisional Secretariat of Sri Lanka," International Journal of Business and Social Research, LAR Center Press, vol. 4(6), pages 38-50, June.
    9. Rupasingha, Anil & Goetz, Stephan J., 2007. "Social and political forces as determinants of poverty: A spatial analysis," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 650-671, August.
    10. Bebonchu Atems & Grayden Shand, 2018. "An empirical analysis of the relationship between entrepreneurship and income inequality," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(4), pages 905-922, December.
    11. de Sousa, Semoa C.B. & Gebremedhin, Tesfa G. & Smith, Dennis K. & Colyer, Dale, 2001. "An Economic Analysis Of The Relationship Of Poverty And Income Inequality In Rural West Virginia," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20536, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    12. Desousa-Brown, Semoa & Gebremedhin, Tesfa G., 2004. "An Empirical Analysis Of Poverty And Income Inequality In West Virginia," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20223, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    13. J. G. Sri Ranjith, 2015. "The Effect of Microenterprises on Poverty: A Cross-county Analysis on US Urban Poverty," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(3), pages 128-150, March.
    14. Gyawali, Buddhi Raj & Banerjee, Swagata (Ban) & Hill, Anquinette & Bukenya, James O., 2012. "Exploring Variations in Income Growth in Southeastern United States," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 120933, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    15. Julie Silva & Robin Leichenko, 2003. "Regional Income Inequality and International Trade," Working Papers 03-15, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    16. Venera Timiryanova & Dina Krasnoselskaya & Irina Lakman & Denis Popov, 2021. "Inter- and Intra-Regional Disparities in Russia: Factors of Uneven Economic Growth," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(24), pages 1-31, December.
    17. Xiaobing Shuai, 2015. "Do Economic Development Efforts Benefit All? Business Attraction and Income Inequality," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 45(1), pages 35-56, Spring.

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