The Allocation of Resources in the Presence of Indivisibilities
A major theme of economic theory is that optimality, at the level of the firm or the economy as a whole, can be reached by profit maximization using competitive prices. The conclusion requires the assumption that the production possibility set be convex and is not valid if production displays economies of scale based on significant indivisibilities. The paper provides a specific quantity test for detecting optimality in the presence of indivisibilities and suggests that it may be useful to view the large firm as an algorithm for solving programming problems in which some of the variables assume integral values.
Volume (Year): 8 (1994)
Issue (Month): 4 (Fall)
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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Herbert E. Scarf, 1990. "Mathematical Programming and Economic Theory," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 38(3), pages 377-385, June.
- László Lovász & Herbert E. Scarf, 1992. "The Generalized Basis Reduction Algorithm," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 17(3), pages 751-764, August.
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