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Energieeffizienzpotenziale und staatlicher Lenkungsbedarf

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  • Dobroschke, Stephan
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    Abstract

    Die langfristigen Klimaschutzziele sehen bis zum Jahr 2020 im Vergleich zu 2008 eine Senkung des Primärenergieverbrauchs um 20% vor, bis zum Jahr 2050 wird eine Senkung um 50% angestrebt. Zur Erreichung dieser Ziele stehen zunehmend Maßnahmen zur Steigerung nachfrageseitiger Energieeffizienz im Vordergrund. Dies wird zum Anlass genommen, den aktuellen Forschungsstand im Bereich der Energieeffizienz und staatlicher Eingriffslegitimation ausführlich aufzuarbeiten und zunächst zu klären, was eigentlich unter einer Steigerung der Energieeffizienz und einer Energieeffizienzlücke zu verstehen ist. Auf Basis einer theoretisch fundierten Instrumentendiskussion wird schließlich eine zweistufige Instrumentierung vorgeschlagen, bestehend aus einer Anlastung energieträgerspezifischer negativer externer Effekte sowie, in zweiter Instanz, aus Maßnahmen zur Korrektur marktlicher Rahmenbedingungen. -- Long-term environment goals consist of a reduction of primary energy consumption of 20% by 2020 as well as of 50% by 2050, comparing to the year 2008. In order to achieve these goals, an increasing number of political actions are recently being implemented. In this respect, the political attention turns more and more to demand-oriented measures to increase energy efficiency. For this reason, an extensive review of actual research is being undertaken, followed by an elaboration on the actual meanings of energy efficiency and the energy efficiency gap. On these grounds, an instrumental discussion on how to successfully address energy efficiency reduction potentials is being conducted. From a political perspective, this leads to a two-stage strategy: According to environmental impacts of respective primary energy carriers, negative external effects are to be charged at first. Only secondly, market failures may be corrected.

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    Paper provided by University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics in its series FiFo Discussion Papers - Finanzwissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge with number 12-1.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:uoccpe:121

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    Keywords: Energieeffizienz; Energieeffizienzlücke; Marktversagen; umweltpolitische Markteingriffe; Klimaschutz; energy efficiency; energy efficiency gap; market failure; climate protection; market interventionism;

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