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Barriers to energy efficiency: A comparison across the German commercial and services sector

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  • Schleich, Joachim

Abstract

Based on a large sample for the German commercial and services sector, this paper econometrically assesses the relevance of various types of barriers to energy efficiency at the sectoral level and across fifteen sub-sectors. The results at the level of entire sectors suggest that the lack of information about energy consumption patterns and about energy efficiency measures, lack of staff time, priority setting within organizations, and - in particular - the investor/user dilemma are all relevant barriers. Allowing for sector-specific differences in the relevance of these individual barriers yields a more heterogeneous picture. The numbers and types of relevant barriers vary across sub-sectors, and the majority of sub-sectors are subject to relatively few barriers. The statistically most significant barriers are found for the sub-sector of public administrations. These findings are robust, independent of whether the definition of an organization's energy efficiency performance includes only measures that have actually been realized or also those that are being planned. For planned projects, however, organizations appear to underestimate internal priority setting as a barrier to energy efficiency.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 68 (2009)
Issue (Month): 7 (May)
Pages: 2150-2159

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:68:y:2009:i:7:p:2150-2159

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

Related research

Keywords: Energy efficiency Energy consumption Energy policy Organizational investment behaviour Technology diffusion;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sierzchula, William & Bakker, Sjoerd & Maat, Kees & van Wee, Bert, 2014. "The influence of financial incentives and other socio-economic factors on electric vehicle adoption," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 183-194.
  2. Fleiter, Tobias & Worrell, Ernst & Eichhammer, Wolfgang, 2011. "Barriers to energy efficiency in industrial bottom-up energy demand models--A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 3099-3111, August.
  3. Thema, Johannes & Suerkemper, Felix & Grave, Katharina & Amelung, Adrian, 2013. "The impact of electricity demand reduction policies on the EU-ETS: Modelling electricity and carbon prices and the effect on industrial competitiveness," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 656-666.
  4. Trianni, Andrea & Cagno, Enrico & Worrell, Ernst, 2013. "Innovation and adoption of energy efficient technologies: An exploratory analysis of Italian primary metal manufacturing SMEs," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 430-440.
  5. Bukarica, Vesna & Robić, Slavica, 2013. "Implementing energy efficiency policy in Croatia: Stakeholder interactions for closing the gap," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 414-422.
  6. Jackson, Jerry, 2010. "Promoting energy efficiency investments with risk management decision tools," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 3865-3873, August.
  7. Dobroschke, Stephan, 2012. "Energieeffizienzpotenziale und staatlicher Lenkungsbedarf," FiFo Discussion Papers - Finanzwissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 12-1, University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics.
  8. Florens Flues & Dirk Rübbelke & Stefan Vögele, 2013. "Energy Efficiency and Industrial Output: The Case of the Iron and Steel Industry," Working Papers 2013.96, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  9. Lopes, M.A.R. & Antunes, C.H. & Martins, N., 2012. "Energy behaviours as promoters of energy efficiency: A 21st century review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 4095-4104.
  10. Busch, Timo & Weinhofer, Georg & Hoffmann, Volker H., 2011. "The carbon performance of the 100 largest US electricity producers," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 95-103, June.
  11. Tobias Fleitera & Joachim Schleich & Ployplearn Ravivanpong, 2012. "Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs - An empirical analysis based on energy audit data," Grenoble Ecole de Management (Post-Print) hal-00805748, HAL.
  12. Pardo Martínez, Clara Inés & Silveira, Semida, 2012. "Analysis of energy use and CO2 emission in service industries: Evidence from Sweden," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 5285-5294.
  13. Pardo Martínez, Clara Inés, 2013. "An analysis of eco-efficiency in energy use and CO2 emissions in the Swedish service industries," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 120-130.
  14. Mattes, Katharina & Müller, Simon & Jäger, Angela & Weidner, Nadezda & Weißfloch, Ute, 2014. "Adoption and diffusion of renewable energy technologies: Influence of the policy mix in the manufacturing industry," Working Papers "Sustainability and Innovation" S6/2014, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).

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