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Indikatoren im Capability-Ansatz und der Bezug zur Nachhaltigkeit: Welchen Beitrag kann der CA leisten?


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  • Leßmann, Ortrud
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    Für den Capability Ansatz (CA) sind in empirischen Studien viele Indikatoren entwickelt worden. Der vorliegende Aufsatz untersucht, welchen Beitrag diese Indikatoren zur Nachhaltigkeitsforschung leisten können. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in Struktur und Begrifflichkeiten des CA wird zunächst die Frage aufgeworfen, welche Dimensionen relevant sind bzw. nach welchen Kriterien sie ausgewählt werden können. In einem zweiten Schritt wird die Auswahl von Indikatoren für die Dimensionen angesprochen. Ein Merkmal des CA ist die besondere Rolle, die er der (Wahl-)Freiheit einräumt. Daher widmet sich ein Abschnitt der Erfassung von Freiheit mittels Indikatoren. Der fünfte Abschnitt gibt einen Überblick über die Behandlung von Umwelt und Nachhaltigkeit in bisherigen empirischen Studien zum CA. Das Fazit weist darauf hin, dass es in den meisten empirischen Studien zum CA um die Bewertung einer Situation geht und nicht um Handlungsempfehlungen. Im Kontext der Nachhaltigkeit ist das letztere interessanter. Allgemein bleibt der Eindruck, dass sowohl der Bereich Umwelt als auch die Frage nach der Nachhaltigkeit noch nicht gut in den CA integriert worden sind. Im Anhang wird zur Illustration auf der Grundlage der vorangegangenen Überlegungen ein Vorschlag für Fragen zu nachhaltigem Verhalten gemacht. -- In the context of the capability approach (CA), a lot of indicators have been developed. This paper investigates how these indicators can inform sustainability research. After a brief introduction into the CA, the second section investigates which dimensions are relevant and how to select dimensions. The third section addresses the problem how indicators for these dimensions can be selected and developed. The fourth section is dedicated to finding indicators that capture the extent of freedom of choice - crucial to the CA - people enjoy. The fifth section summarizes how and which indicators have been used in the CA context for nature, the environment and sustainability. The paper concludes that the environment and the issue of sustainability are under-investigated in the CA context. Further, while sustainability research is driven by the quest of policy recommendation, most CA studies rather aim at evaluating situations. Hence, there is a need to go beyond evaluation in order to apply the CA successfully to the issue of sustainability. For the purpose of illustration, an exemplary questionnaire is suggested in the appendix.

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    Paper provided by Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS) in its series UFZ Discussion Papers with number 16/2012.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ufzdps:162012

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    Keywords: Capability Ansatz; Nachhaltigkeit; Umwelt; Indikatorenentwicklung;

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    1. Paul Anand & Cristina Santos & Ron Smith, 2007. "The measurement of capabilities," Open Discussion Papers in Economics 67, The Open University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    2. Polishchuk, Yuliana & Rauschmayer, Felix, 2011. "Ecosystem effects on well-being: More than just "benefits"? Looking at ecosystem services through the capability approach," UFZ Discussion Papers 6/2011, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
    3. Di Tommaso, Maria Laura, 2007. "Children capabilities: A structural equation model for India," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 436-450, June.
    4. Paul Anand & Graham Hunter & Ron Smith, 2005. "Capabilities and Well-Being: Evidence Based on the Sen–Nussbaum Approach to Welfare," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 74(1), pages 9-55, October.
    5. Paul Anand & Graham Hunter & Ian Carter & Keith Dowding & Francesco Guala & Martin Van Hees, 2009. "The Development of Capability Indicators," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 125-152.
    6. Anand, Paul & van Hees, Martin, 2006. "Capabilities and achievements: An empirical study," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 268-284, April.
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