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Alternative Geldkonzepte - ein Literaturbericht


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  • Degens, Philipp
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    In der gegenwärtigen Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise werden wieder vermehrt Alternativen zum bestehenden Geldsystem diskutiert. Das vorliegende Discussion Paper bietet einen Literaturüberblick zu ausgewählten alternativen Geldkonzepten. Zum einen werden Ansätze der Systemergänzung durch Komplementärwährungen identifiziert, welche meist auf lokaler oder regionaler Ebene Dysfunktionalitäten des staatlichen Geldes ausgleichen wollen. Zum anderen werden verschiedene Vorschläge zur umfassenden Systemreform diskutiert, bei denen die Steuerung der Geldmenge entweder zentral durch gestärkte Zentralbanken oder dezentral durch die Marktteilnehmer selbst vorgesehen ist. Der vorliegende Bericht zeigt, inwieweit die dargestellten Konzepte sich im Hinblick auf die ihnen zugrunde liegende Problemanalyse, auf die Bedeutung der verschiedenen Geldfunktionen, auf die Steuerungsebenen und -mechanismen sowie ihrer grundlegenden Zielsetzungen unterscheiden. -- In the present economic and financial crisis, alternatives to the current money system have increasingly become the subject of debate. This paper reviews the literature on selected alternative concepts of money. It identifies approaches that complement the established system with parallel currencies and seek to reduce its dysfunctions at the local and regional level. It then discusses various proposals for a comprehensive reform of the system, which involve controlling the quantity of money either centrally by strengthening central banks, or decentrally via the market. Finally, it shows how the concepts differ regarding how they analyze the problem, which functions of money they focus on, where they identify levels and mechanisms of control, and what their fundamental objectives are.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Discussion Paper with number 13/1.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgd:131

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