Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Der Einfluss der Studiengebühren auf die Zahl der Studienanfänger an deutschen Hochschulen

Contents:

Author Info

  • Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang
  • Beyer, Carolin
  • Mattheis, Julia
  • Schultheiß, Saskia
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Das Bundesverfassungsgericht entschied im Jahr 2005, dass es jedem Bundesland frei stehe, zu entscheiden, ob es Studiengebühren erheben möchte. Infolge dessen führten zunächst Nordrhein-Westfalen und Niedersachsen ab dem Wintersemester 2006/2007 Studiengebühren ein. Ein Jahr später folgten Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hamburg, Hessen und das Saarland diesem Beispiel. Die Auswirkung der Einführung von Studiengebühren auf die Anzahl der Studienanfänger war seitdem ein nicht nur bildungspolitischer Streitpunkt, in dessen Folge sukzessive bis zum Jahr 2014 die betreffenden Bundesländer die Hochschulgebühren wieder abschafften. Die Auswirkungen der Hochschulgebühren können nach der Beendigung dieses hochschulpolitischen Experimentes analysiert werden und sind im Folgenden die zentrale Forschungsfrage. Die empirische Basis bildet ein Paneldatensatz für 226 Hochschulen im Untersuchungs-zeitraum Wintersemester 1999/2000 bis zum Wintersemester 2010/2011. Daraus resultiert ein Datensatz von 2712 Beobachtungen. Innerhalb einer einfachen deskriptiven Analyse, die die Studienanfängerzahlen der Gebührenländer der Anzahl an Studienanfängern in Nicht-Gebührenländern gegenübergestellt, sind keine klaren Tendenzen sichtbar. Daher werden in einer Paneldatenregression neben der Einführung von Studiengebühren auch der Einfluss der Hochschulzugangsberechtigten auf Bundeslandebene sowie zeit- und hochschulabhängige Effekte berücksichtigt. Die verschiedenen Spezifikationen und Schätzverfahren (Pooled OLS, Fixed Effects, Random Effects, Differences-in-Differences) kommen zu übereinstimmenden Resultaten: Im Ergebnis zeigt sich, dass Studiengebühren einen negativen und statistisch signifikanten Einfluss auf die Anzahl der Studienanfänger haben. Der Umfang dieses negativen Einflusses ist allerdings überschaubar. Die Abnahme der Studienanfänger liegt im Mittel der einzelnen Hochschulen bei 75-80 Studierenden und damit ca. 5 Prozent. -- [Tuition fees in Germany: Their influence on the number of students] Traditionally in Germany there are no tuition fees for studying at state universities. In 2005 the German Supreme Court ruled that the German States (the so called Bundesländer) are free to impose tuition fees at their universities. Immediately following this decision several German Bundesländer introduced tuition fees - albeit with a maximum of 500 Euro for half a year at a very moderate level compared to e.g. the US or UK. This turned out to be the starting point of a very intense political struggle as to the social consequences of such fees - namely the exclusion of students with a low social background. The outcome of this political debate was the successive abolition of tuition fees in all German Bundesländer after 2007. At the end of 2014 none of the German states will still impose tuition fees. So for several years universities with and without tuition fees co-existed in Germany. The central question of this paper is the influence of tuition fees with regard to the number of freshman at German universities. The analyses rely on a balanced data set of 226 universities from 1999/2000 to 2010/2011. A descriptive examination does not lead to clear outcomes. So panel-data-regression analyses are used including fixed- and random-effects and a difference-in-differences approach. The following findings emerge: The mentioned approaches all lead to the same results. The tuition fees had a statistical significant negative impact on the number of student enrollments at the universities imposing such kind of fees. On average this decline amounts to 75 to 80 students (about 5 % of the freshman at the average university). In addition the analyses reveal that several control variables must be included in order to avoid misspecification (omitted variable bias). These controls include a time-trend, university-entity-effects and the number of high-school-graduates in a state eligible to enter university studies.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/96237/1/78324083X.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration in its series Jena Contributions to Economic Research with number 2014/1.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:fhjbwf:20141

    Contact details of provider:
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.bw.fh-jena.de/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Studiengebühren; Zahl der Studienanfänger; Hochschulen; Deutschland; Panel Regression; natürliches Experiment; Difference-in-Differences;

    Find related papers by JEL classification:

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Spatial localization of knowledge-transfer channels and face-to-face contacts: A survey of the Jena university-industry linkages," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    2. Welsch, Julia, 2006. "Dynamik der Arbeitslosigkeit - eine vergleichende Analyse auf der Ebene ausgewählter Arbeitsagenturbezirke," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    3. Angrist, Joshua & Pischke, Jörn-Steffen, 2010. "The Credibility Revolution in Empirical Economics: How Better Research Design Is Taking the Con out of Econometrics," IZA Discussion Papers 4800, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Herold, Jörg & Polzin, Kerstin, 2011. "Zeitvarianz und Zeitinvarianz - mathematische Untersuchungen zum Zeitverhalten des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    5. Katharina Kaps & Silko Pfeil & Thomas Sauer & Matthias-Wolfgang Stoetzer, 2011. "Strategische Ausrichtung und Innovationstätigkeit von KMU im Raum Jena," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(09), pages 40-48, 05.
    6. Kaps, Katharina & Pfeil, Silko & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2011. "Innovationskooperationen und Wissenstransfer von Unternehmen im Raum Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    7. Clasing, Martin, 2006. "CO2-Emissionshandel - Auswirkungen auf die deutsche Energiewirtschaft," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    8. Gerlach, Andrea & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2005. "Formen und regionale Verteilung des Wissenstransfers von Hochschulen: Eine repräsentative Fallstudie für Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2005,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    9. Kaps, Katharina & Pfeil, Silko & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2011. "Innovationsbedingte Beschäftigungs- und Umsatzeffekte bei Unternehmen im Raum Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    10. Schwartz, Michael & Hornych, Christoph, 2010. "Informal networking: An overview of the literature and an agenda for future research," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2010,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    11. Halm, Katrin, 2006. "Die neue Ordnung am europäischen Himmel: Eine Analyse des Markteintritts der Low-Cost-Carrier in den europäischen Luftverkehrsmarkt," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,5, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    12. Bjoern Alecke & Timo Mitze, 2012. "Studiengebühren und das Wanderungsverhalten von Studienanfängern: Eine panel-ökonometrische Wirkungsanalyse," Working Papers, GEFRA - Gesellschaft fuer Finanz- und Regionalanalysen 6-2012, GEFRA - Gesellschaft fuer Finanz- und Regionalanalysen.
    13. Herold, Jörg & Völker, Lutz, 2010. "Zufall und Notwendigkeit: Untersuchungen zur mathematischen Modellierung des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2010,2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    14. Giese, Stefanie & Otte, Franziska & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Berger, Christian, 2013. "Einflussfaktoren des Studienerfolges im betriebswirtschaftlichen Studium: Eine empirische Untersuchung," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2013/1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    15. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Krähmer, Christian, 2007. "Regionale Nachfrageeffekte der Hochschulen - methodische Probleme und Ergebnisse empirischer Untersuchungen für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,6, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    16. Schwartz, Michael, 2006. "Die Learning Economy aus Netzwerkperspektive: Mechanismen und Probleme," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    17. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Pfeil, Silko & Kaps, Katharina & Sauer, Thomas, 2011. "Regional dispersion of cooperation activities as success factor of innovation oriented SME," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    18. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Forms and regional distribution of knowledge transfer by German universities," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:fhjbwf:20141. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.