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Einflussfaktoren des Studienerfolges im betriebswirtschaftlichen Studium: Eine empirische Untersuchung

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  • Giese, Stefanie
  • Otte, Franziska
  • Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang
  • Berger, Christian

Abstract

Was beeinflusst den Studienerfolg eines betriebswirtschaftlichen Studiums in Form der erreichten Abschlussnote? Aus der Perspektive der Studierenden, der staatlichen Hochschulpolitik und der Hochschulen sind dabei unterschiedliche Einflussfaktoren von Bedeutung: Die Note der Hochschulzugangsberechtigung, das Alter und Geschlecht des Studierenden, die Entscheidungen des Studierenden hinsichtlich der Studienschwerpunkte und der Studiendauer (Semesterzahl) oder die Frage, ob systematische Notenunterschiede zwischen dem klassischen Diplom- und dem Bachelorabschluss existieren. Diese Aspekte sind Ausgangspunkt der vorliegenden Regressionsanalyse. Sie basiert auf einem Datensatz von 263 auswertbaren Antworten ehemaliger Studierender (Alumni) des Fachbereichs Betriebswirtschaft (BW) der Ernst-Abbe-Fachhochschule (EAFH) Jena. Zentrale Ergebnisse sind: Erstens hängt die Note der Hochschulzugangsberechtigung eng mit der Studienabschlussnote zusammen: Bessere Noten bei der Zugangsberechtigung sind mit besseren Studienabschlussnoten verbunden. Zweitens existiert kein Zusammenhang von Alter oder Geschlecht des Studierenden und seiner Abschlussnote. Drittens zeigt sich, dass die Schwerpunktwahl zum Teil einflussreich ist, während die kurze Dauer des Studiums (gemessen an der Einhaltung der Regelstudienzeit) in jedem Fall mit einer besseren Abschlussnote einhergeht. Dies kann mittels der Endogenität von Schwerpunktwahl und Dauer des Studiums auf Grund des Entscheidungsverhaltens der Studierenden erklärt werden. Viertens hat die Art des Abschlusses (Bachelor oder Diplom) bzw. dessen Aktualität keinen Einfluss. -- Studying business economics: An empirical analysis of determinants and predictors of grades This paper is concerned with the factors that influence a students success, ie grade, in studying business economics. As to students, universities and higher education policy, different aspects play a role, e.g. student's record in the final year of high school, student's decisions as to majors, demographic factors (age and sex), the time length of studies, the influence of university reform (the introduction of Bachelor and Master degrees instead of the old diploma) or the question of grade inflation. The regression analysis relies on a data set of 263 questionnaires of alumni of the department of business economics at Ernst-Abbe-University of Applied Sciences Jena. These former students graduated between 1996 and 2011. The empirical findings suggest, that: First, high school records are good predictors of university grades. Second, age and gender do not influence students grade achievement. Third, the decisions as to majors reveals a mixed result on grades but the number of years spent at the university clearly influences grades: students that fail to finish their studies in accordance with suggested 3.5 and 4 year plans exhibit a lower grade outcome. The paper provides an explanation based on the endogenity of students decisions with respect to these both aspects of their studies. Finally, there is no evidence that university reform is related to grade achievement and that a kind of grade inflation has taken place during the last 15 years.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration in its series Jena Contributions to Economic Research with number 2013/1.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:fhjbwf:20131

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Web page: http://www.bw.fh-jena.de/
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Keywords: Studium; Betriebswirtschaftslehre; Note; Abschlussnote; Studienerfolg; empirische Analyse; Noteninflation; Bachelor; Diplom; Semesterzahl; Regelstudienzeit; Hochschulzugangsberechtigung; university; grade; grades; business economics; predictors; influencing factors; ability; students; student ability; gender; regression analysis; empirical analysis;

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References

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  1. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Krähmer, Christian, 2007. "Regionale Nachfrageeffekte der Hochschulen - methodische Probleme und Ergebnisse empirischer Untersuchungen für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,6, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
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  3. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Spatial localization of knowledge-transfer channels and face-to-face contacts: A survey of the Jena university-industry linkages," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  4. Welsch, Julia, 2006. "Dynamik der Arbeitslosigkeit - eine vergleichende Analyse auf der Ebene ausgewählter Arbeitsagenturbezirke," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  5. Kaps, Katharina & Pfeil, Silko & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2010. "Strategische Ausrichtung und Innovationstätigkeit von KMU im Raum Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2010,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  6. Kaps, Katharina & Pfeil, Silko & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2011. "Innovationskooperationen und Wissenstransfer von Unternehmen im Raum Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  7. Herold, Jörg & Polzin, Kerstin, 2011. "Zeitvarianz und Zeitinvarianz - mathematische Untersuchungen zum Zeitverhalten des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  8. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Pfeil, Silko & Kaps, Katharina & Sauer, Thomas, 2011. "Regional dispersion of cooperation activities as success factor of innovation oriented SME," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2011,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  9. Schwartz, Michael, 2006. "Die Learning Economy aus Netzwerkperspektive: Mechanismen und Probleme," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,4, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
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  11. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Forms and regional distribution of knowledge transfer by German universities," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  12. Halm, Katrin, 2006. "Die neue Ordnung am europäischen Himmel: Eine Analyse des Markteintritts der Low-Cost-Carrier in den europäischen Luftverkehrsmarkt," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2006,5, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  13. Herold, Jörg & Völker, Lutz, 2010. "Zufall und Notwendigkeit: Untersuchungen zur mathematischen Modellierung des Produktlebenszyklus," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2010,2, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  14. Gerlach, Andrea & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2005. "Formen und regionale Verteilung des Wissenstransfers von Hochschulen: Eine repräsentative Fallstudie für Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2005,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
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Cited by:
  1. Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Beyer, Carolin & Mattheis, Julia & Schultheiß, Saskia, 2014. "Der Einfluss der Studiengebühren auf die Zahl der Studienanfänger an deutschen Hochschulen," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2014/1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.

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