Trade-off between formal and informal care in Spain
AbstractThe remarkable growth of older population has moved long term care to the front ranks of the social policy agenda. Understanding the factors that determine the type and amount of formal care is important for predicting use in the future and developing long-term policy. In this context we jointly analyze the choice of care (formal, informal, both together or none) as well as the number of hours of care received. Given that the number of hours of care is not independent of the type of care received, we estimate, for the first time in this area of research, a sample selection model with the particularity that the first step is a multinomial logit model. With regard to the debate about complementarity or substitutability between formal and informal care, our results indicate that formal care acts as a reinforcement of the family care in certain cases: for very old care receivers, in those cases in which the individual has multiple disabilities, when many care hours are provided, and in case of mental illness and/or dementia. There exist substantial differences in long term care addressed to younger and older dependent people and dependent women are in risk of becoming more vulnerable to the shortage of informal caregivers in the future. Finally, we have documented that there are great disparities in the availability of public social care across regions.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York in its series Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers with number 08/13.
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
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formal care; informal care; caregiver; dependent.;
Other versions of this item:
- Sergi Jiménez-Martín & Cristina Vilaplana Prieto, 2008. "Trade-off between formal and informal care in Spain," Economics Working Papers 1096, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
- Sergi Jiménez Martín & Cristina Vilaplana, 2008. "Trade-off between formal and informal care in Spain," Working Papers 2008-22, FEDEA.
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
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- Elisabeth Fevang & Snorre Kverndokk & Knut Røed, 2012. "Labor supply in the terminal stages of lone parents’ lives," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 1399-1422, October.
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