Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The Great Banks` Depression - Deposit Withdrawals in the German Crisis of 1931


Author Info

  • Schnabel, Isabel

    (Sonderforschungsbereich 504)


Using monthly balance-sheet data of all major German credit banks, we analyze deposit withdrawals and bank failures in the German banking and currency crisis of 1931. We show that deposit withdrawals were related to indicators of banks' liquidity and solvency and were hence not simply the consequence of a run on the German currency. We find no evidence that branch banks were more stable than unit banks. Finally, we show that larger banks had a lower probability of failure, were more likely to be bailed out by the public authorities, and were granted preferential access to the Reichsbank's discount window. We interpret these results as evidence for a 'too-big-to-fail' phenomenon.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim in its series Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications with number 03-11.

as in new window
Length: 59 pages
Date of creation: 11 Dec 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:xrs:sfbmaa:03-11

Note: I would like to thank Reinhold Schnabel for very helpful discussions in the early stages of this project. Moreover, I thank Jochen Bigus, Christoph Buchheim, Mark Carlson, Martin Hellwig, Hans-Joachim Voth, David Wheelock and the participants of the Annual Meeting of the Cliometric Society in Raleigh, the Banking Workshop in Muenster, the Annual Meeting of the European Economic Association in Stockholm, the Annual Meeting of the Economic History Association in Nashville, the Annual Meeting of the Verein fuer Socialpolitik in Zuerich as well as seminar participants at Pompeu Fabra and the University of Mannheim for useful comments and suggestions.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: D-68131 Mannheim
Phone: (49) (0) 621-292-2547
Fax: (49) (0) 621-292-5594
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Web page:

Order Information:

Related research


This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Mark Carlson, 2004. "Are Branch Banks Better Survivors? Evidence from the Depression Era," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(1), pages 111-126, January.
  2. Calomiris, Charles W & Kahn, Charles M, 1991. "The Role of Demandable Debt in Structuring Optimal Banking Arrangements," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 497-513, June.
  3. Grossman, Richard S., 1994. "The Shoe That Didn't Drop: Explaining Banking Stability During the Great Depression," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(03), pages 654-682, September.
  4. Charles W. Calomiris & Joseph R. Mason, 2000. "Causes of U.S. Bank Distress During the Depression," NBER Working Papers 7919, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Peter Temin, 1991. "Lessons from the Great Depression," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262700441, December.
  6. Schnabel, Isabel, 2004. "The German Twin Crisis of 1931," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 64(03), pages 822-871, September.
  7. repec:cup:jechis:v:44:y:1984:i:01:p:119-138_03 is not listed on IDEAS
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)



This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:xrs:sfbmaa:03-11. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Carsten Schmidt).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.