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Who move to rural areas? Micro Evidence from Finland

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  • Satu Nivalainen

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Abstract

This study uses a large individual-level dataset to investigate rural in-migration. Two separate samples are used: one consists of migrants and non-migrants, while the other contains only migrants. Empirical analyses are carried out using multinomial logit and logit models. First, rural in-migrants and non-migrants are compared. The results show that in-migration to rural areas is selective, but partly in an atypical way. The age profile of rural in-migrants is unusual, as the probability of migration increases with age. Furthermore, a typical rural in-migrant is a pensioner and has a smaller than average income. It is also notable that, with respect to educational level or family relations, rural in-migrants do not differ from non-migrants. Space and related housing factors seem to be of importance in rural in-migration decisions. The study also examines differences between rural in-migrants and other migrants. In general, those moving to rural areas are older, have a lower educational level and a smaller income. Pensioners, couples and families with children are also more likely move to rural regions. However, differences emerge in relation to the distance of migration: short distance rural in-migrants are more likely to be couples with young children, while long distance rural in-migrants are more often pensioners and return-migrants.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa03p214.

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Date of creation: Aug 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa03p214

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  1. Sari Pekkala, 2002. "Unemployment and Migration: Does Moving Help?," Discussion Papers, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) 281, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  2. Hannu Tervo, 1998. "Post-migratory employment prospect: Evidence from Finland," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa98p41, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Mika Haapanen & Jari Ritsilä, 2001. "Can migration decisions be affected by income taxation policies?," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa01p41, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
  5. Sandell, Steven H, 1977. "Women and the Economics of Family Migration," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 59(4), pages 406-14, November.
  6. Shields, Gail M & Shields, Michael P, 1989. "Family Migration and Nonmarket Activities in Costa Rica," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(1), pages 73-88, October.
  7. Mincer, Jacob, 1978. "Family Migration Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
  8. W. A. V. Clark, 1985. "Human Migration," Book Chapters, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University, in: Grant I. Thrall (ed.), Scientific Geography, pages 51 Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
  9. Satu Nivalainen, 2004. "Determinants of family migration: short moves vs. long moves," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 157-175, February.
  10. Nivalainen, Satu, 1999. "The effects of family life cycle, family ties and distance on migration: micro evidence from Finland in 1994," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa99pa271, European Regional Science Association.
  11. repec:brs:ecchap:12 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Forslid, Rikard, 1999. "Agglomeration with Human and Physical Capital: an Analytically Solvable Case," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2102, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Pekkala, Sari, 2000. "Migration In A Core-Periphery Model: Analysis Of Agglomeration In Regional Growth Centres," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa00p33, European Regional Science Association.
  14. Bowles, Samuel, 1970. "Migration as Investment: Empirical Tests of the Human Investment Approach to Geographical Mobility," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 52(4), pages 356-62, November.
  15. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Mann, Stefan & Erdin, Daniel, 2005. "Die Landwirtschaft und andere Einflussgrößen auf die Bevölkerungsentwicklung im ländlichen Raum," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 54(5).
  2. Satu Nivalainen, 2004. "Where do migrants go? An analysis of urban and rural destined/originated migration in Finland in 1996-99," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa04p317, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Cécile Détang-Dessendre & Florence Goffette-Nagot & Virginie Piguet, 2004. "Life-cycle position and migration to urban and rural areas: estimations of a mixed logit model on French data," Working Papers, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure 0403, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure.

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