Post-migratory employment prospect: Evidence from Finland
AbstractThis paper analyses the role which migration has in augmenting the likelihood of employment, by examining employment status of migrants and nonmigrants at the end of the migration interval on the basis of microdata. The paper continues the analysis of the paper by Tervo (1997) which examined the impact of unemployment on labour force mobility. Together these two papers address the role which interregional migration has as a labour market equilibrating mechanism. The empirical analysis is concerned with the situation of Finland. The data is taken from the Finnish longitudinal census data file from which a 1% sample has been taken. It contains data gathered at the censuses 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1995. The analysis is directed at those individuals belonging to the labour force, in which case the sample size is about 20 - 22 000, depending on the time period. The analysis deals with long-distance migration which is defined as occurring where an individual is resident in a different province from that five years earlier. The theoretical framework of the paper is in the job-search-model and human capital model of migration. For both the employed and unemployed, migration should augment the employability of migrants compared with nonmigrants if earnings potential is held constant. The direct impact of migration on re-employment is estimated with the help of logit regression, while holding constant the selectivity factors of migration and the marginal benefits and costs of search. In the estimations, a binary migration variable provides information on the comparative efficiency of job search between migrants and nonmigrants.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa98p41.
Date of creation: Aug 1998
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Other versions of this item:
- Hannu Tervo, 2000. "Post-Migratory Employment Prospects: Evidence from Finland," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 14(2), pages 331-350, 06.
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Antolin, Pablo & Bover, Olympia, 1997. "Regional Migration in Spain: The Effect of Personal Characteristics and of Unemployment, Wage and House Price Differentials Using Pooled Cross-Sections," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 59(2), pages 215-35, May.
- Hannu Tervo, 2000. "Migration and Labour Market Adjustment: Empirical evidence from Finland 1985-90," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 343-360.
- Hannu Tervo, 2001. "Does the compositional effect explain the association between rates of in-migration and out-migration?," ERSA conference papers ersa01p68, European Regional Science Association.
- Nivalainen, Satu, 2000. "Migration And Post-Move Employment In Two-Earner Families," ERSA conference papers ersa00p47, European Regional Science Association.
- Sari Pekkala, 2002.
"Unemployment and Migration: Does Moving Help?,"
281, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
- Satu Nivalainen, 2005. "Interregional migration and post-move employment in two-earner families: Evidence from Finland," Regional Studies, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 39(7), pages 891-907.
- Mika Haapanen, 1998. "Internal Migration and Labour Market Transitions of Unemployment Workers," Discussion Papers 179, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
- Satu Nivalainen, 2003. "Who move to rural areas? Micro Evidence from Finland," ERSA conference papers ersa03p214, European Regional Science Association.
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