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Commuting and Panel Spatial Interaction Models: Evidence of Variation of the Distance-Effect over Time and Space

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  • Jos Van Ommeren

    ()

  • Wouter Vermeulen

    ()

Abstract

We apply spatial interaction models using panel data to explain commuting behaviour in the Netherlands. Our main conclusion is that the distance-decay effect is not constant over time and that changes in this effect are region specific. In more densely populated regions the change in the distance-decay parameter is small suggesting that regional increases in congestion have a large negative effect on the increases in average commuting distance. The panel spatial interaction model we derive is well-suited for testing significance of the centrality index (an often used variable in spatial interaction models). Although evidence is found for competition effects in a pooled cross section framework, controlling for time invariant unobserved heterogeneity renders this relation spurious.

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File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa03/cdrom/papers/127.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa03p127.

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Date of creation: Aug 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa03p127

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