Development of biofuels in China : technologies, economics and policies
AbstractChina promulgated the Medium and Long-Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy in 2007, which included targets of 2010 and 2020 for various renewable energy technologies including biofuels. The 2010 biofuel targets were met and even surpassed except for non-grain fuel ethanol; however, there is debate on whether and how the country will be able to meet the 2020 biofuels target. This paper provides a resource and technological assessment of biofuel feedstocks, compares biofuel production costs from various feddstocks and technologies, and evaluates policies introduced in the country for the development of biofuels. The paper also presents the projections on the production of biofuels under various policy scenarios. The study shows that China can potentially satisfy its non-grain fuel ethanol target by 2020 from the technology perspective. But it will probably fall far short of this target without additional fiscal incentives as production costs of non-grain feedstock based biofuels are expected to remain relatively high. By contrast, the 2020 target of biodiesel production has a high probability of being achieved because the target itself is relatively small. With additional support policies, it could develop even further.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6243.
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Energy Production and Transportation; Renewable Energy; Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases; Energy and Environment; Environment and Energy Efficiency;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2012-11-03 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2012-11-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2012-11-03 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2012-11-03 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-RES-2012-11-03 (Resource Economics)
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- Kumar Biswas, Pradip & Pohit, Sanjib & Kumar, Rajesh, 2010. "Biodiesel from jatropha: Can India meet the 20% blending target?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 1477-1484, March.
- Sorda, Giovanni & Banse, Martin & Kemfert, Claudia, 2010. "An overview of biofuel policies across the world," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6977-6988, November.
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