Benchmarking global poverty reduction
AbstractAgainst what standards should we judge the developing world's overall performance against poverty going forward? The paper proposes two measures, each with both"optimistic"and"ambitious"targets for 2022, 10 years from the time of writing. The first measure is absolute consumption poverty, as judged by what"poverty"means in the poorest countries. The second is a new measure of global poverty combining absolute poverty with country-specific social inclusion needs, consistently with national poverty lines. The optimistic benchmark would entail an absolute poverty rate of 9 percent in 2022, and a combined poverty rate of 40 percent, including the allowance for social inclusion. The more ambitious targets would bring the absolute rate down to 3 percent and the combined rate to 33 percent. The optimistic target would maintain the (impressive) progress against poverty of the last 20 years, without global crises to stall that progress. The ambitious target would require about a 1 percentage point higher growth rate for the gross domestic product of the developing world, as long as this did not come with a reduction in the household sector's share or any further increase in overall inequality beyond its level in 2008. Alternatively, the 3 percent target could be reached at currently expected growth rates but at the lower level of inequality found in 1999.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6205.
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Rural Poverty Reduction; Achieving Shared Growth; Regional Economic Development; Inequality;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-09-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2012-09-30 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2012-09-30 (Development)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lopez-Calva, Luis F. & Ortiz-Juarez, Eduardo, 2011. "A vulnerability approach to the definition of the middle class," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5902, The World Bank.
- Martin Ravallion & Shaohua Chen & Prem Sangraula, 2009.
"Dollar a Day Revisited,"
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World Bank Group, vol. 23(2), pages 163-184, June.
- Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1992. "Growth and redistribution components of changes in poverty measures : A decomposition with applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 275-295, April.
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