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Economic growth and child poverty reduction in Bangladesh and China

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  • Begum, Syeda Shahanara
  • Deng, Quheng
  • Gustafsson, Björn
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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes child poverty in Bangladesh and China during periods of rapid economic growth. It compares the extent as well as profile of child poverty in both countries. Comparisons on the extent of child poverty over time and across countries are made using a decomposition framework attributing child poverty differences to differences in three components: mean child income, demographic circumstances and the distribution of child income. Child poverty is found to be more extensive in Bangladesh than in China, and is very much a problem for rural children in both countries. The results show that economic growth can reduce child poverty but does not always do so. For understanding changes over time and across countries in the extent of child poverty, it can be necessary to also consider changes/differences in the distribution of child income as well as in the demographic composition.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Asian Economics.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 73-85

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:asieco:v:23:y:2012:i:1:p:73-85

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/asieco

    Related research

    Keywords: Child poverty; Economic growth; Bangladesh; China;

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    References

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    1. Loayza, Norman V. & Raddatz, Claudio, 2010. "The composition of growth matters for poverty alleviation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1), pages 137-151, September.
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    14. World Bank, 2011. "World Development Indicators 2011," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2315, October.
    15. *Unicef, 2007. "Child Poverty in Perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries," Innocenti Report Card inreca07/19, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
    16. Montalvo, Jose G. & Ravallion, Martin, 2010. "The pattern of growth and poverty reduction in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 2-16, March.
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