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Is there such thing as middle class values ? Class differences, values and political orientations in Latin America

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  • Lopez-Calva, Luis F.
  • Rigolini, Jamele
  • Torche, Florencia

Abstract

Middle class values have long been perceived as drivers of social cohesion and growth. This paper investigates the relation between class (measured by position in the income distribution), values, and political orientations using comparable values surveys for six Latin American countries. The analysis finds that both a continuous measure of income and categorical measures of income-based class are robustly associated with values. Both income and class tend to display a similar association to values and political orientations as education, although differences persist in some important dimensions. Overall, there is no strong evidence of any"middle class particularism": values appear to gradually shift with income, and middle class values are between the ones of poorer and richer classes. If any, the only peculiarity of middle class values is moderation. The analysis also finds changes in values across countries to be of much larger magnitude than the ones dictated by income, education, and individual characteristics, suggesting that individual values vary primarily within bounds dictated by each society.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5874.

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Date of creation: 01 Nov 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5874

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Related research

Keywords: Inequality; Economic Theory&Research; Social Inclusion&Institutions; Labor Policies; Access&Equity in Basic Education;

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  1. Is There Such Thing as Middle Class Values? Class Differences, Values and Political Orientations in Latin America
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2012-02-24 14:40:03
  2. Is There Such Thing as Middle Class Values? Class Differences, Values and Political Orientations in Latin America
    by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-02-24 14:24:00
  3. Is There Such Thing as Middle Class Values? Class Differences, Values and Political Orientations in Latin America
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2012-02-24 14:40:03
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Cited by:
  1. Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Julian Messina & Jamele Rigolini & Luis-Felipe López-Calva & Maria Ana Lugo & Renos Vakis, 2013. "Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11858.

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