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What is Middle Class About the Middle Classes Around the World?

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  • Esther Duflo

    ()

  • Abhijit Banerjee

    ()

Abstract

Household surveys from 13 developing countries are used to describe consumption choices, health and education investments, employment patterns and other features of the of the economic lives of the “middle classes†defined as those whose daily consumption per capita is between $2 and $4 or between $6 and $10. [WP No. 163].

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:1363.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:1363

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Keywords: business; entrepreneur; development; Middle Class; world; developing countries; consumption choices; education investments; employment patterns; per capita;

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  1. Michael Kremer & Nazmul Chaudhury & F. Halsey Rogers & Karthik Muralidharan & Jeffrey Hammer, 2005. "Teacher Absence in India: A Snapshot," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 658-667, 04/05.
  2. Acemoglu, Daron & Zilibotti, Fabrizio, 1996. "Was Prometheus Unbound by Chance? Risk, Diversification and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1426, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Foster, Andrew D. & Rosenzweig, Mark R., 2008. "Economic Development and the Decline of Agricultural Employment," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier.
  4. Das, Jishnu & Hammer, Jeffrey, 2005. "Money for nothing : the dire straits of medical practice in Delhi, India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3669, The World Bank.
  5. de Mel, Suresh & McKenzie, David & Woodruff, Christopher, 2007. "Returns to capital in microenterprises : evidence from a field experiment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4230, The World Bank.
  6. Murphy, Kevin M & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1989. "Industrialization and the Big Push," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1003-26, October.
  7. Banerjee, Abhijit V. & Duflo, Esther, 2005. "Growth Theory through the Lens of Development Economics," Handbook of Economic Growth, Elsevier, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 473-552 Elsevier.
  8. Matthias Doepke & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2005. "Social Class and the Spirit of Capitalism," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 516-524, 04/05.
  9. Banerjee, Abhijit & Duflo, Esther, 2006. "The Economic Lives of the Poor," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5968, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. H. M. Boot, 1999. "Real incomes of the British middle class, 1760-1850: the experience of clerks at the East India Company," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, Economic History Society, vol. 52(4), pages 638-668, November.
  11. Timothy Besley & Robin Burgess, 2002. "Can labour regulation hinder economic performance? Evidence from India," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 3779, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  12. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2010. "Aging and Death under a Dollar a Day," NBER Chapters, in: Research Findings in the Economics of Aging, pages 169-203 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Nazmul Chaudhury & Jeffrey Hammer & Michael Kremer & Karthik Muralidharan & F. Halsey Rogers, 2006. "Missing in Action: Teacher and Health Worker Absence in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 91-116, Winter.
  14. Easterly, William, 2001. " The Middle Class Consensus and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 317-35, December.
  15. Birdsall, N. & Graham, C. & Pettinato, S., 2000. "Stuck in the Tunnel: Is Globalization Muddling the Middle Class?," Papers, Brookings Institution - Working Papers 14, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
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