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The impact of cash transfers on school enrollment : evidence from Ecuador

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  • Oosterbeek, Hessel
  • Ponce, Juan
  • Schady, Norbert

Abstract

This paper presents evidence about the impact on school enrollment of a program in Ecuador that gives cash transfers to the 40 percent poorest families. The evaluation design consists of a randomized experiment for families around the first quintile of the poverty index and of a regression discontinuity design for families around the second quintile of this index, which is the program's eligibility threshold. This allows us to compare results from two different credible identification methods, and to investigate whether the impact varies with families'poverty level. Around the first quintile of the poverty index the impact is positive while it is equal to zero around the second quintile. This suggests that for the poorest families the program lifts a credit constraint while this is not the case for families close to the eligibility threshold.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4645.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4645

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Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction; Access to Finance; Health Systems Development&Reform; Poverty Reduction Strategies; Primary Education;

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References

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  1. Vos, R. & Ponce, J., 2004. "Meeting the millennium development goal in education : a cost-effectiveness analysis for Ecuador," ISS Working Papers - General Series, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague 19162, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
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Cited by:
  1. Jose Rosero, 2012. "The ABC of Housing Strategies: Are Housing Assistance Programs Effective in Enhancing Children's Well Being?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-074/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Barrientos, Armando & Nino-Zarazua, Miguel, 2010. "Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database Version 5.0," MPRA Paper 20001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Hidalgo, Diana & Onofa, Mercedes & Oosterbeek, Hessel & Ponce, Juan, 2013. "Can provision of free school uniforms harm attendance? Evidence from Ecuador," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 43-51.
  4. repec:dgr:uvatin:2011102 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Jose Rosero & Hessel Oosterbeek, 2011. "Trade-offs between Different Early Childhood Interventions: Evidence from Ecuador," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-102/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Sebastian Galiani & Patrick J. McEwan, 2013. "The Heterogeneous Impact of Conditional Cash Transfers," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0149, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  7. Ponce, Juan & Bedi, Arjun S., 2010. "The impact of a cash transfer program on cognitive achievement: The Bono de Desarrollo Humano of Ecuador," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 116-125, February.
  8. Elke Schaffland, 2011. "Conditional Cash Transfers in Brazil: Treatment Evaluation of the “Bolsa Família” Program on Education," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 84, Courant Research Centre PEG, revised 11 Apr 2012.
  9. Ryan Nehring, 2012. "Social Protection in Ecuador: A New Vision for Inclusive Growth," Policy Research Brief 28, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  10. Nabernegg, Markus, 2012. "El impacto del BDH en el gasto de bienes no deseados: Un análisis de regresión discontinua
    [The impact of the Bono de Desarrollo Humano in the expenditure for undesirable goods: A regression discon
    ," MPRA Paper 41295, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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