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El impacto del BDH en el gasto de bienes no deseados: Un análisis de regresión discontinua
[The impact of the Bono de Desarrollo Humano in the expenditure for undesirable goods: A regression discontinuity analysis]

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  • Nabernegg, Markus
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    Abstract

    Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programs are gaining more and more weight in Latin America's public policy. Although there exists a wide range of literature about the impact of these programs on school matriculation, the reduction in child labour and the improvements in the health status of recipients, there exist no extensive works on the possible bad use of the benefits. This paper investigates the impact of the Ecuadorian Bono de Desarrollo Humano (BDH) program on household expenditures for cigarettes, alcohol and cell phones. With data from the Condiciones de Vida questionnaire of the year 2006 I built a quasi-experiment thanks to the assignment rule of the BDH (which is the Selben index) and use a regression discontinuity method to estimate the impact of the program on these undesirable goods. The results show that there is no impoact of the BDH on the expenditure for the three goods (measured in expenditure per capita and in the proportion of total expenditure) for households located at the limit between the second and third quintile, and therefore, presumably, also not for poorer households. This confirms the good design of the assignment rule of the program.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 41295.

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    Date of creation: 06 Aug 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:41295

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    Keywords: Conditional Cash Transfers; Latin America; Regression Discontinuity;

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    1. Orazio Attanasio & Valérie Lechene, 2002. "Tests of Income Pooling in Household Decisions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(4), pages 720-748, October.
    2. Ponce, Juan & Bedi, Arjun S., 2008. "The Impact of a Cash Transfer Program on Cognitive Achievement: The Bono de Desarrollo Humano of Ecuador," IZA Discussion Papers 3658, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Fernald, Lia C.H. & Hidrobo, Melissa, 2011. "Effect of Ecuador's cash transfer program (Bono de Desarrollo Humano) on child development in infants and toddlers: A randomized effectiveness trial," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(9), pages 1437-1446, May.
    4. Paxson, Christina & Schady, Norbert, 2007. "Does money matter ? The effects of cash transfers on child health and development in rural Ecuador," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4226, The World Bank.
    5. Paul Schultz, T., 2004. "School subsidies for the poor: evaluating the Mexican Progresa poverty program," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 199-250, June.
    6. Mauricio Leon & Stephen Younger, 2007. "Transfer payments, mothers' income and child health in ecuador," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(6), pages 1126-1143.
    7. Hessel Oosterbeek & Juan Ponce & Norbert Schady, 2008. "The Impact of Cash Transfers on School Enrollment: Evidence from Ecuador," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 08-037/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    8. Schady, Norbert & Araujo, Maria Caridad, 2006. "Cash transfers, conditions, school enrollment, and child work : evidence from a randomized experiment in Ecuador," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3930, The World Bank.
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