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A Substitute for Substitution: Bolsa Família?s Effects on the Combination of Work And School for Children and Adolescents Aged 10-18

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Author Info

  • Fernando Gaiger Silveira

    ()
    (Institute for Applied Economic Research)

  • Ross van Horn

    ()
    (Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin)

  • Bernardo Campolina

    ()
    (CEDEPLAR/UFMG)

Abstract

In the evaluation of conditional or unconditional cash transfer programmes, research that examines their effects on children?s and adolescents? school performance and participation in the labour market figures prominently. The programme effect is important because such programmes are designed with a view to fighting the so-called ?poverty trap?. In general terms, prior analyses have claimed that insufficient household income, due largely to low levels of human capital of members of economically active age ? especially parents ? requires hourly labour supplementation by children and adolescents. As a result, this pressure for children and adolescents to enter the labour market results in less time available for school activities and, ultimately, in school drop-out. In a cyclical fashion, the substitution of work for school reproduces the reality experienced by low-income parents, derived from low schooling levels, for future generations.

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File URL: http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCWorkingPaper121.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth in its series Working Papers with number 121.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: Dec 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by UNDP - International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth , December 2013, pages 1-27
Handle: RePEc:ipc:wpaper:121

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Keywords: A Substitute for Substitution: Bolsa Família?s Effects on the Combination of Work And School for Children and Adolescents Aged 10-18;

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  1. Norbert Schady & Maria Caridad Araujo, 2008. "Cash Transfers, Conditions, and School enrollment in Ecuador," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  2. Guido Imbens, 2000. "Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1166, Econometric Society.
  3. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 1999. "Does child labor displace schooling? - evidence on behavioral responses to an enrollment subsidy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2116, The World Bank.
  4. Euclides Pedrozo, 2007. "Uma Avaliação Ex-Ante Dos Impactos Do Bolsa Família Na Redução Do Trabalho Infantil," Anais do XXXV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 35th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 002, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  5. Maluccio, John A. & Flores, Rafael, 2005. "Impact evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program: the Nicaraguan Red de Protección Social," Research reports 141, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Andrea Rodrigues Ferro & Ana Lucia Kassouf & Deborah Levison, 2011. "The Impact Ofconditional Cash Transfer Programs On Household Work Decisions In Brazil," Anais do XXXVII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 37th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 208, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
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