Indigenous and colonial origins of comparative economic development : the case of colonial India and Africa
AbstractThis paper concerns the institutional origins of economic development, emphasizing the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. Colonial institutions-the law, western style property rights, newspapers and statistical analysis-played an important part in the emergence of Indian public and commercial life in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These institutions existed in the context of a state that was extractive and yet dependent on indigenous cooperation in many areas, especially in the case of the business class. In such conditions, Indian elites were critical in creating informal systems of peer-group education, enhancing aspiration through the use of historicist and religious themes and in creating a"benign sociology"of India as a prelude to development. Indigenous ideologies and practices were as significant in this slow enhancement of Indian capabilities as transplanted colonial ones. Contemporary development specialists would do well to consider the merits of indigenous forms of association andpublic debate, religious movements and entrepreneurial classes. Over much of Asia and Africa, the most successful enhancement of people's capabilities has come through the action of hybrid institutions of this type.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4474.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Cultural Policy; Economic Theory&Research; Corporate Law; Anthropology;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2008-01-19 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2008-01-19 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2008-01-19 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2008-01-19 (Development)
- NEP-HIS-2008-01-19 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-SEA-2008-01-19 (South East Asia)
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