Cash transfers, conditions, school enrollment, and child work : evidence from a randomized experiment in Ecuador
AbstractThe impact of cash transfer programs on the accumulation of human capital is a topic of great policy importance. An attendant question is whether program effects are larger when transfers are"conditioned"on certain behaviors, such as a requirement that households enroll their children in school. This paper uses a randomized study design to analyze the impact of the Bono de Desarrollo Humano (BDH), a cash transfer program, on enrollment and child work among poor children in Ecuador. There are two main results. First, the BDH program had a large, positive impact on school enrollment, about 10 percentage points, and a large, negative impact on child work, about 17 percentage points. Second, the fact that some households believed that there was a school enrollment requirement attached to the transfers, even though such a requirement was never enforced or monitored in Ecuador, helps explain the magnitude of program effects.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3930.
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2006
Date of revision:
Small Area Estimation Poverty Mapping; Primary Education; Land and Real Estate Development; Municipal Housing and Land; Real Estate Development;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-06-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2006-06-10 (Development)
- NEP-EDU-2006-06-10 (Education)
- NEP-LAM-2006-06-10 (Central & South America)
- NEP-URE-2006-06-10 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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